Tricuspid stenosis risk factors

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Tricuspid stenosis Microchapters


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Differentiating Tricuspid stenosis from other Diseases

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mohammed Salih, M.D. Syed Musadiq Ali M.B.B.S.[2] Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S [3]


The most potent risk factor in the development of tricuspid valve stenosis is rheumatic fever or infective endocarditis. Other risk factors include congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, cardiac tumors, and heart attack.

Risk Factors

Common Risk Factors

Less Common Risk Factors


  1. Şaşkın H, Düzyol Ç, Özcan KS, Aksoy R (2015). "Right atrial myxoma mimicking tricuspid stenosis". BMJ Case Rep. 2015. doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-210818. PMC 4550937. PMID 26272962.
  2. Pellikka PA, Tajik AJ, Khandheria BK, Seward JB, Callahan JA, Pitot HC; et al. (1993). "Carcinoid heart disease. Clinical and echocardiographic spectrum in 74 patients". Circulation. 87 (4): 1188–96. doi:10.1161/01.cir.87.4.1188. PMID 7681733.
  3. Roberts, William Clifford; Ko, Jong Mi (2017). "Some Observations on Mitral and Aortic Valve Disease". Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings. 21 (3): 282–299. doi:10.1080/08998280.2008.11928412. ISSN 0899-8280.
  4. Waller BF, Howard J, Fess S (1995). "Pathology of tricuspid valve stenosis and pure tricuspid regurgitation--Part I." Clin Cardiol. 18 (2): 97–102. doi:10.1002/clc.4960180212. PMID 7720297.
  5. Seibert KA, Rettenmier CW, Waller BF, Battle WE, Levine AS, Roberts WC (1982). "Osteogenic sarcoma metastatic to the heart". Am J Med. 73 (1): 136–41. doi:10.1016/0002-9343(82)90940-8. PMID 6953763.
  6. Gur AK, Odabasi D, Kunt AG, Kunt AS (2014). "Isolated tricuspid valve repair for Libman-Sacks endocarditis". Echocardiography. 31 (6): E166–8. doi:10.1111/echo.12558. PMID 24661289.
  7. Khatib N, Blumenfeld Z, Bronshtein M (2012). "Early prenatal diagnosis of tricuspid stenosis". Am J Obstet Gynecol. 207 (5): e6–8. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2012.08.030. PMID 22964066.
  8. Akram Q, Saravanan D, Levy R (2011). "Valvuloplasty for tricuspid stenosis caused by a ventriculoatrial shunt". Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 77 (5): 722–5. doi:10.1002/ccd.22745. PMID 20824751.
  9. Nili M, Liban E, Levy MJ (1982). "Tricuspid stenosis due to intravenous leiomyomatosis--a call for caution: case report and review of the literature". Tex Heart Inst J. 9 (2): 231–5. PMC 351617. PMID 15226964.
  10. Muraru D, Badano LP, Sarais C, Soldà E, Iliceto S (2011). "Evaluation of tricuspid valve morphology and function by transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography". Curr Cardiol Rep. 13 (3): 242–9. doi:10.1007/s11886-011-0176-3. PMID 21365261.

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