Tricuspid stenosis medical therapy
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Medical therapy with diuretics and sodium restriction is the mainstay of treatment among patients with tricuspid stenosis complicated by systemic and pulmonary congestion. Patients with tricuspid stenosis should receive medical therapy for left heart failure, and/or pulmonary hypertension in case they are present.
- Pharmacologic medical therapies for tricuspid stenosis include diuretic therapy.
- Loop diuretics may be helpful in relieving some of the symptoms which include:
- Due to the risk of worsening low-flow syndrome diuretics may be used with caution in patients with tricuspid stenosis.
- Medical interventions were also indicated with patients who are having atrial fibrillation in the settings of tricuspid stenosis which include the following:
|"1. Flecainide, dofetilide, propafenone, and intravenous ibutilide are useful for pharmacological cardioversion of AF or atrial flutter provided contraindications to the selected drug are absent. (Level of Evidence: A) "|
|Class III: Harm|
|"1. Dofetilide therapy should not be initiated out of hospital owing to the risk of excessive QT prolongation that can cause torsades de pointes. (Level of Evidence: B) "|
|"1. Administration of oral amiodarone is a reasonable option for pharmacological cardioversion of AF. (Level of Evidence: A) "|
|"2. Propafenone or flecainide (“pill-in-the-pocket”) in addition to a beta blocker or nondihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist is reasonable to terminate AF outside the hospital once this treatment has been observed to be safe in a monitored setting for selected patients. (Level of Evidence: B) "|
- Medical interventions were also indicated with patients who are having systemic rheumatic diseases and endocarditis as the cause of tricuspid stenosis.
- Treating the patients who are having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid antibodies (APLA) may reduce the coating over the infected valves and chordae and in turn reduces the stenosis and regurgitation.
- Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP, Guyton RA; et al. (2014). "2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: Executive Summary: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". Circulation. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000029. PMID 24589852.
- Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP, Guyton RA; et al. (2014). "2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". J Am Coll Cardiol. 63 (22): e57–185. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.02.536. PMID 24603191.
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- Adler DS (2017). "Non-functional tricuspid valve disease". Ann Cardiothorac Surg. 6 (3): 204–213. doi:10.21037/acs.2017.04.04. PMC 5494423. PMID 28706863.
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