Tricuspid stenosis medical therapy

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Tricuspid stenosis Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S [2] ;Mohammed Salih, M.D. ;Rim Halaby, M.D. [3]

Overview

Medical therapy with diuretics and sodium restriction is the mainstay of treatment among patients with tricuspid stenosis complicated by systemic and pulmonary congestion. Patients with tricuspid stenosis should receive medical therapy for left heart failure, and/or pulmonary hypertension in case they are present.

Medical Therapy

Pharmacological Cardioversion
Class I
"1. Flecainide, dofetilide, propafenone, and intravenous ibutilide are useful for pharmacological cardioversion of AF or atrial flutter provided contraindications to the selected drug are absent. (Level of Evidence: A) "
Class III: Harm
"1. Dofetilide therapy should not be initiated out of hospital owing to the risk of excessive QT prolongation that can cause torsades de pointes. (Level of Evidence: B) "
Class IIa
"1. Administration of oral amiodarone is a reasonable option for pharmacological cardioversion of AF. (Level of Evidence: A) "
"2. Propafenone or flecainide (“pill-in-the-pocket”) in addition to a beta blocker or nondihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist is reasonable to terminate AF outside the hospital once this treatment has been observed to be safe in a monitored setting for selected patients. (Level of Evidence: B) "

References

  1. Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP, Guyton RA; et al. (2014). "2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: Executive Summary: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". Circulation. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000029. PMID 24589852.
  2. Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP, Guyton RA; et al. (2014). "2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". J Am Coll Cardiol. 63 (22): e57–185. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.02.536. PMID 24603191.
  3. Vahanian, Alec; Alfieri, Ottavio; Andreotti, Felicita; Antunes, Manuel J.; Barón-Esquivias, Gonzalo; Baumgartner, Helmut; Borger, Michael Andrew; Carrel, Thierry P.; De Bonis, Michele; Evangelista, Arturo; Falk, Volkmar; Iung, Bernard; Lancellotti, Patrizio; Pierard, Luc; Price, Susanna; Schäfers, Hans-Joachim; Schuler, Gerhard; Stepinska, Janina; Swedberg, Karl; Takkenberg, Johanna; Von Oppell, Ulrich Otto; Windecker, Stephan; Zamorano, Jose Luis; Zembala, Marian; Bax, Jeroen J.; Baumgartner, Helmut; Ceconi, Claudio; Dean, Veronica; Deaton, Christi; Fagard, Robert; Funck-Brentano, Christian; Hasdai, David; Hoes, Arno; Kirchhof, Paulus; Knuuti, Juhani; Kolh, Philippe; McDonagh, Theresa; Moulin, Cyril; Popescu, Bogdan A.; Reiner, Željko; Sechtem, Udo; Sirnes, Per Anton; Tendera, Michal; Torbicki, Adam; Vahanian, Alec; Windecker, Stephan; Popescu, Bogdan A.; Von Segesser, Ludwig; Badano, Luigi P.; Bunc, Matjaž; Claeys, Marc J.; Drinkovic, Niksa; Filippatos, Gerasimos; Habib, Gilbert; Kappetein, A. Pieter; Kassab, Roland; Lip, Gregory Y.H.; Moat, Neil; Nickenig, Georg; Otto, Catherine M.; Pepper, John; Piazza, Nicolo; Pieper, Petronella G.; Rosenhek, Raphael; Shuka, Naltin; Schwammenthal, Ehud; Schwitter, Juerg; Mas, Pilar Tornos; Trindade, Pedro T.; Walther, Thomas (2012). "Guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease (version 2012)". European Heart Journal. 33 (19): 2451–2496. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs109. ISSN 1522-9645.
  4. Adler DS (2017). "Non-functional tricuspid valve disease". Ann Cardiothorac Surg. 6 (3): 204–213. doi:10.21037/acs.2017.04.04. PMC 5494423. PMID 28706863.
  5. Shah PM, Raney AA (2008). "Tricuspid valve disease". Curr Probl Cardiol. 33 (2): 47–84. doi:10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2007.10.004. PMID 18222317.

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