Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic)

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic)
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Adeel Jamil, M.D. [2]

Disclaimer

WikiDoc MAKES NO GUARANTEE OF VALIDITY. WikiDoc is not a professional health care provider, nor is it a suitable replacement for a licensed healthcare provider. WikiDoc is intended to be an educational tool, not a tool for any form of healthcare delivery. The educational content on WikiDoc drug pages is based upon the FDA package insert, National Library of Medicine content and practice guidelines / consensus statements. WikiDoc does not promote the administration of any medication or device that is not consistent with its labeling. Please read our full disclaimer here.

Overview

Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) is a antibacterial agent that is FDA approved for the treatment of conjunctivitis and other superficial ocular infections due to susceptible microorganisms, and as an adjunctive in systemic sulfonamide therapy of trachoma. Common adverse reactions include corneal ulcers, application site irritation, stinging and burning.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

  • Topically applied sulfonamides do not provide adequate coverage against Neisseria species, Serratia marcescens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A significant percentage of staphylococcal isolates are completely resistant to sulfa drugs.

Dosing Information

For conjunctivitis and other superficial ocular infections:
  • Instill one or two drops into the conjunctival sac(s) of the affected eye(s) every two to three hours initially. Dosages may be tapered by increasing the time interval between doses as the condition responds. The usual duration of treatment is seven to ten days.
For Trachoma:
  • Instill two drops into the conjunctival sac(s) of the affected eye(s) every two hours. Topical administration must be accompanied by systemic administration.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in adult patients.

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric) in the drug label.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

  • Hypersensitivity to sulfonamides or to any ingredient of the preparation.

Warnings

  • For topical eye use only - not for injection.
  • Fatalities have occurred, although rarely, due to severe reactions to sulfonamides including stevens-johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, fulminant hepatic necrosis, agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia and other blood dyscrasias. Sensitizations may recur when a sulfonamide is readministered, irrespective of the route of administration. Sensitivity reactions have been reported in individuals with no prior history of sulfonamide hypersensitivity. At the first sign of hypersensitivity, skin rash or other serious reaction, discontinue use of this preparation.

PRECAUTIONS:

General:
  • Prolonged use of topical anti-bacterial agents may give rise to overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms including fungi. Bacterial resistance to sulfonamides may also develop.
  • The effectiveness of sulfonamides may be reduced by the para-aminobenzoic acid present in purulent exudates.
  • Sensitization may recur when a sulfonamide is readministered irrespective of the route of administration, and crosssensitivity between different sulfonamides may occur.
  • At the first sign of hypersensitivity, increase in purulent discharge, or aggravation of inflammation or pain, the patient should discontinue use of the medication and consult a physician.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

  • Bacterial and fungal corneal ulcers have developed during treatment with sulfonamide ophthalmic preparations.
  • The most frequently reported reactions are local irritation, stinging and burning. Less commonly reported reactions include non-specific conjunctivitis, conjunctival hyperemia, secondary infections and allergic reactions.

Postmarketing Experience

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) Postmarketing Experience in the drug label.

Drug Interactions

  • Sulfacetamide preparations are incompatible with silver preparations.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): C

  • Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with sulfonamide ophthalmic preparations. Kernicterus may occur in the newborn as a result of treatment of a pregnant woman at term with orally administered sulfonamides. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of sulfonamide ophthalmic preparations in pregnant women and it is not known whether topically applied sulfonamides can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. This product should be used in pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.


Pregnancy Category (AUS): There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

  • Systemically administered sulfonamides are capable of producing kernicterus in infants of lactating women. Because of the potential for the development of kernicterus in neonates, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

  • Safety and effectiveness in children below the age of two months have not been established.

Geriatic Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in geriatric settings.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

  • Ophthalmic

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) Monitoring in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding the compatibility of Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) and IV administrations.

Overdosage

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) overdosage. If you suspect drug poisoning or overdose, please contact the National Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) immediately.

Pharmacology

Template:Px
Template:Px
Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic)
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl]acetamide
Identifiers
CAS number 144-80-9
ATC code D10AF06 S01AB04 (WHO), Template:ATCvet
PubChem 5320
DrugBank DB00634
Chemical data
Formula Template:OrganicBox atomTemplate:OrganicBox atomTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBox atomTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBox atomTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBox atomTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBoxTemplate:OrganicBox 
Mol. mass 214.243 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ?
Metabolism ?
Half life 7 to 12.8 hours
Excretion ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status
Routes ?

Mechanism of Action

  • Sulfacetamide Sodium Ophthalmic Solution USP, 10%, is a sterile, topical, anti-bacterial agent for ophthalmic use. The active ingredient is represented by the following structural formula:
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Chemical name: N-Sulfanilylacetamide monosodium salt monohydrate.

Structure

  • The most widely accepted mechanism of action of sulfonamides is the Woods-Fildes theory, based on sulfonamides acting as a competitive inhibitor of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) utilization, an essential component for bacterial growth.

Pharmacodynamics

Microbiology:
  • The sulfonamides are bacteriostatic agents and the spectrum of activity is similar for all. Sulfonamides inhibit bacterial synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by preventing the condensation of the pteridine with aminobenzoic acid through competitive inhibition of the enzyme dihydropteroate synthetase. Resistant strains have altered dihydropteroate synthetase with reduced affinity for sulfonamides or produce increased quantities of aminobenzoic acid.
  • Topically applied sulfonamides are considered active against susceptible strains of the following common bacterial eye pathogens: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus (viridans group), Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella species, and Enterobacter species.

Topically applied sulfonamides do not provide adequate coverage against Neisseria species, Serratia marcescens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A significant percentage of staphylococcal isolates are completely resistant to sulfa drugs.

Pharmacokinetics

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) Pharmacokinetics in the drug label.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

  • No studies have been conducted in animals or in humans to evaluate the possibility of these effects with ocularly administered sulfacetamide. Rats appear to be especially susceptible to the goitrogenic effects of sulfonamides, and long-term oral administration of sulfonamides has resulted in thyroid malignancies in these animals.

Clinical Studies

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) Clinical Studies in the drug label.

How Supplied

Sulfacetamide Sodium Ophthalmic Solution USP, 10%, is supplied in a plastic squeeze bottle with a controlled drop tip in the following size:

15 mL bottle - Prod. No. 03011

DO NOT USE IF IMPRINTED “Protective Seal” WITH YELLOW symbol IS NOT INTACT

Sulfonamide solutions, on long standing, will darken in color and should be discarded.

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

Revised November 2007

Bausch & Lomb Incorporated Tampa, FL 33637

©Bausch & Lomb Incorporated

9113200 (Folded) 9113300 (Flat)

Storage

  • Store between 2° - 30°C (36° - 86°F).

Images

Drug Images

Package and Label Display Panel

NDC 24208-670-04

Bausch & Lomb

Sulfacetamide

Sodium

Ophthalmic

Solution

USP, 10%

(Sterile)

Rx only

[icon- eye]

[icon- 10%]

[icon- solution]

[icon- 15 mL]

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Patient Counseling Information

  • To avoid contamination, do not touch tip of container to eye, eyelid or any surface.

Precautions with Alcohol

Alcohol-Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • Bleph-10
  • Ocu-Sul

Look-Alike Drug Names

There is limited information regarding Sulfacetamide (ophthalmic) Look-Alike Drug Names in the drug label.

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.