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Template:Chembox header | Succinimide
Template:Chembox header | General
Systematic name Pyrrolidine-2,5-dione
Other names Succinimide
Succinic acid imide
Molecular formula C4H5NO2
Molar mass 99.09 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline powder
CAS number [123-56-8]
Template:Chembox header | Properties
Solubility in water Soluble
Melting point 123 - 125 °C
Decomposition > 287 °C
Boiling point 285 - 290 °C
Acidity (pKa) ?
Basicity (pKb) ?
Template:Chembox header | Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Irritant
Slightly Flammable
NFPA 704 Template:NFPA 704
Flash point ?
R/S statement Template:S24/25 Template:S28 Template:S37 Template:S45
RTECS number WN2200000
Template:Chembox header | Related compounds
Related Imides Maleimide
Template:Chembox header | Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Succinimide is a cyclic imide with the formula C4H5NO2. It appears as a white or colorless crystalline solid, and has a faint odor of sweat.[citation needed] It is used in a variety of organic synthesis, as well as in some industrial silver plating processes.


Succinimides refers to compounds that contain the succinimide group. These compounds have some notable uses. Firstly, several succinimides are used as anticonvulsant drugs, including ethosuximide, phensuximide, and methsuximide. Succinimides are also used to form covalent bonds between proteins or peptides and plastics, which is useful in a variety of assay techniques.

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