The solitary tract (Latin: tractus solitarius) is a compact fiber bundle that extends longitudinally through the posterolateral region of the medulla. The solitary tract is surrounded by the nucleus of the solitary tract, and descends to the upper cervical segments of the spinal cord.
The solitary tract conveys afferent information from stretch receptors and chemoreceptors in the walls of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and intestinal tracts. Taste buds in the mucosa of the tongue can also generate impulses in the rostral regions of the solitary tract. The efferent fibers are distributed to the solitary tract nucleus.
There are numerous synonyms for the solitary tract:
- round fasciculus (Latin: fasciculus rotundus)
- solitary fasciculus (Latin: fasciculus solitarius)
- solitary bundle (Latin: funiculus solitarius)
- Gierke respiratory bundle
- Krause respiratory bundle
- Stedman, Thomas Lathrop (2006). Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 28th edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 2011. ISBN 0-7817-3390-1. Check date values in: