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Ribosomal protein S21
Symbols RPS21 ;
External IDs Template:OMIM5 Template:MGI HomoloGene37418
RNA expression pattern
File:PBB GE RPS21 200834 s at tn.png
File:PBB GE RPS21 214097 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Template:GNF Ortholog box
Species Human Mouse
Entrez n/a n/a
Ensembl n/a n/a
UniProt n/a n/a
RefSeq (mRNA) n/a n/a
RefSeq (protein) n/a n/a
Location (UCSC) n/a n/a
PubMed search n/a n/a

Ribosomal protein S21, also known as RPS21, is a human gene.[1]

Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 40S subunit. The protein belongs to the S21E family of ribosomal proteins. It is located in the cytoplasm. Alternative splice variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described, but their existence has not been verified. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: RPS21 ribosomal protein S21".

Further reading

  • Wool IG, Chan YL, Glück A (1996). "Structure and evolution of mammalian ribosomal proteins". Biochem. Cell Biol. 73 (11–12): 933–47. PMID 8722009.
  • Kostanian IA, Astapova MV, Starovoĭtova EV; et al. (1995). "[A new differentiation factor from culture media of the HL-60 cell line treated with retinoic acid. Isolation and primary structure determination]". Bioorg. Khim. 21 (4): 243–8. PMID 7786314.
  • Kostanyan IA, Astapova MV, Starovoytova EV; et al. (1995). "A new human leukemia cell 8.2 kDa differentiation factor: isolation and primary structure". FEBS Lett. 356 (2–3): 327–9. PMID 7805865.
  • Bhat KS, Morrison SG (1993). "Primary structure of human ribosomal protein S21". Nucleic Acids Res. 21 (12): 2939. PMID 8332502.
  • Vladimirov SN, Ivanov AV, Karpova GG; et al. (1996). "Characterization of the human small-ribosomal-subunit proteins by N-terminal and internal sequencing, and mass spectrometry". Eur. J. Biochem. 239 (1): 144–9. PMID 8706699.
  • Bonaldo MF, Lennon G, Soares MB (1997). "Normalization and subtraction: two approaches to facilitate gene discovery". Genome Res. 6 (9): 791–806. PMID 8889548.
  • Kenmochi N, Kawaguchi T, Rozen S; et al. (1998). "A map of 75 human ribosomal protein genes". Genome Res. 8 (5): 509–23. PMID 9582194.
  • Sato M, Saeki Y, Tanaka K, Kaneda Y (1999). "Ribosome-associated protein LBP/p40 binds to S21 protein of 40S ribosome: analysis using a yeast two-hybrid system". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256 (2): 385–90. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1999.0343. PMID 10079194.
  • Smirnova EV, Rakitina TV, Evtodienko AIu; et al. (2000). "Cloning and characterization of the human ribosomal protein S21 gene [". Bioorg. Khim. 26 (5): 392–6. PMID 10900511.
  • Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J; et al. (2002). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20". Nature. 414 (6866): 865–71. doi:10.1038/414865a. PMID 11780052.
  • Yoshihama M, Uechi T, Asakawa S; et al. (2002). "The human ribosomal protein genes: sequencing and comparative analysis of 73 genes". Genome Res. 12 (3): 379–90. doi:10.1101/gr.214202. PMID 11875025.
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH; et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932.
  • Yu Y, Ji H, Doudna JA, Leary JA (2005). "Mass spectrometric analysis of the human 40S ribosomal subunit: native and HCV IRES-bound complexes". Protein Sci. 14 (6): 1438–46. doi:10.1110/ps.041293005. PMID 15883184.
  • Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T; et al. (2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514.
  • Oh JH, Yang JO, Hahn Y; et al. (2006). "Transcriptome analysis of human gastric cancer". Mamm. Genome. 16 (12): 942–54. doi:10.1007/s00335-005-0075-2. PMID 16341674.

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