Protein energy malnutrition epidemiology and demographics
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The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in children under 5 years is estimated to be 150 million cases annually. In Nigeria, the prevalence is as high as 41,600 per 100,000 children. Protein-energy malnutrition is majorly a disease of the developing countries. There is no racial or sexual predisposition.
Epidemiology and Demographics
The table below show the prevalence of protein energy malnutrition in children under 5 years of age in developing countries in 1995.
|Region||Stunting (%)||Underweight (%)||Wasting (%)|
|Latin America and the caribbean||18||10||3|
Case fatality rate
The case-fatality rate of protein energy malnutrition is unknown.
Protein energy malnutrition commonly affects children under 5 years of age.
Protein energy malnutrition is almost never seen in developed countries. It is a disease of underdeveloped/developing countries. However, some studies conducted in 2005 - 2007 on children in United States that an estimated 3.5 million children under the age of 5 are at risk of hunger due to an underutilization of existing programs designed to address the issue of proper distribution such as food stamps or school meals.
Protein energy malnutrition is a disease prevalent in the underdeveloped/developing countries of the world. It is widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa and common in Southeast Asia and Central America occurring in young children living in areas with endemic food insecurity or famine. Some of the major countries stricken by kwashiorkor include but are not limited to India, China, Pakistan, Tanzania, North Korea, Nigeria and Kenya.
Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) lost from Protein-energy malnutrition in 2012 per million persons:
- Countries are divided approximately by population into ten groups.
- Dependencies of France, United Kingdom, United States of America, The Netherlands and Denmark are grouped with their respective countries.
- Abidoye RO (2000). "A study of prevalence of protein energy malnutrition among 0-5 years in rural Benue State, Nigeria". Nutr Health. 13 (4): 235–47. PMID 10768411.