Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editors-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. 
Synonyms and keywords: left ventricular noncompaction, LVNC, NCC, spongiform cardiomyopathy, (Isolated) noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium, (I)NVM, non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium, left ventricular hypertrabeculation, spongy myocardium.
Embryology | Histology | Genetics | Left ventricular dysfunction | Thromboembolism | Neuromuscular disorders
History & Symptoms | Physical Examination | Laboratory Studies | Genetic Testing |
Electrocardiogram | Chest X Ray | Echocardiography | MRI | CT | Biopsy
Medical Therapy | Surgery
Cardiomyopathy, Barth syndrome, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, myotubular myopathy, genes responsible for NCC are located also in the area that cause these conditions.