Neuropeptide S receptor

Jump to navigation Jump to search
VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

n/a

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

n/a

n/a

Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

The neuropeptide S receptor (NPSR) is a member of the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily of integral membrane proteins[1] which binds neuropeptide S (NPS).[2] It was formerly an orphan receptor, GPR154, until the discovery of neuropeptide S as the endogenous ligand. Increased expression of this gene in ciliated cells of the respiratory epithelium and in bronchial smooth muscle cells is associated with asthma. This gene is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor 1 family and encodes a plasma membrane protein. Mutations in this gene have also been associated with this disease.[3]

Clinical significance

In the CNS, activation of the NPSR by NPS promotes arousal and anxiolytic-like effects.[4][5]

In addition, mututations in NPSR have been linked to a susceptibility to asthma.[6] Hence NPSR has also been called GPRA (G protein-coupled receptor for asthma susceptibility). Activation of NPSR in the airway epithelium has a number of effects including upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases which are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma.[7] It has been shown that activation of NPSR by NPS affects both gastrointestinal motility and mucosal permeability simultaneously. Aberrant signaling and upregulation of NPSR1 could potentially exacerbate dysmotility and hyperpermeability by local mechanisms in gastrointestinal functional and inflammatory reactions.[8]

References

  1. Vassilatis DK, Hohmann JG, Zeng H, Li F, Ranchalis JE, Mortrud MT, Brown A, Rodriguez SS, Weller JR, Wright AC, Bergmann JE, Gaitanaris GA (Apr 2003). "The G protein-coupled receptor repertoires of human and mouse". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100 (8): 4903–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.0230374100. PMC 153653. PMID 12679517.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Vendelin J, Pulkkinen V, Rehn M, Pirskanen A, Räisänen-Sokolowski A, Laitinen A, Laitinen LA, Kere J, Laitinen T (Sep 2005). "Characterization of GPRA, a novel G protein-coupled receptor related to asthma". American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 33 (3): 262–70. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2004-0405OC. PMID 15947423.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Entrez Gene: NPSR1 neuropeptide S receptor 1".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Xu YL, Reinscheid RK, Huitron-Resendiz S, Clark SD, Wang Z, Lin SH, Brucher FA, Zeng J, Ly NK, Henriksen SJ, de Lecea L, Civelli O (Aug 2004). "Neuropeptide S: a neuropeptide promoting arousal and anxiolytic-like effects". Neuron. 43 (4): 487–97. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2004.08.005. PMID 15312648.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Okamura N, Reinscheid RK (Aug 2007). "Neuropeptide S: a novel modulator of stress and arousal". Stress. 10 (3): 221–6. doi:10.1080/10253890701248673. PMID 17613937.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Laitinen T, Polvi A, Rydman P, Vendelin J, Pulkkinen V, Salmikangas P, Mäkelä S, Rehn M, Pirskanen A, Rautanen A, Zucchelli M, Gullstén H, Leino M, Alenius H, Petäys T, Haahtela T, Laitinen A, Laprise C, Hudson TJ, Laitinen LA, Kere J (Apr 2004). "Characterization of a common susceptibility locus for asthma-related traits". Science. 304 (5668): 300–4. doi:10.1126/science.1090010. PMID 15073379.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Vendelin J, Bruce S, Holopainen P, Pulkkinen V, Rytilä P, Pirskanen A, Rehn M, Laitinen T, Laitinen LA, Haahtela T, Saarialho-Kere U, Laitinen A, Kere J (Oct 2006). "Downstream target genes of the neuropeptide S-NPSR1 pathway". Human Molecular Genetics. 15 (19): 2923–35. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddl234. PMID 16926187.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Wan Saudi WS, Halim MA, Rudholm-Feldreich T, Gillberg L, Rosenqvist E, Tengholm A, Sundbom M, Karlbom U, Näslund E, Webb DL, Sjöblom M, Hellström PM (Oct 2015). "Neuropeptide S inhibits gastrointestinal motility and increases mucosal permeability through nitric oxide". Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 309 (9): G625–34. doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00104.2015. PMID 26206857.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

<templatestyles src="Refbegin/styles.css" />

  • Malerba G, Pignatti PF (2005). "A review of asthma genetics: gene expression studies and recent candidates". Journal of Applied Genetics. 46 (1): 93–104. PMID 15741670.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Vassilatis DK, Hohmann JG, Zeng H, Li F, Ranchalis JE, Mortrud MT, Brown A, Rodriguez SS, Weller JR, Wright AC, Bergmann JE, Gaitanaris GA (Apr 2003). "The G protein-coupled receptor repertoires of human and mouse". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100 (8): 4903–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.0230374100. PMC 153653. PMID 12679517.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gupte J, Cutler G, Chen JL, Tian H (Feb 2004). "Elucidation of signaling properties of vasopressin receptor-related receptor 1 by using the chimeric receptor approach". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101 (6): 1508–13. doi:10.1073/pnas.0308250100. PMC 341764. PMID 14757815.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Laitinen T, Polvi A, Rydman P, Vendelin J, Pulkkinen V, Salmikangas P, Mäkelä S, Rehn M, Pirskanen A, Rautanen A, Zucchelli M, Gullstén H, Leino M, Alenius H, Petäys T, Haahtela T, Laitinen A, Laprise C, Hudson TJ, Laitinen LA, Kere J (Apr 2004). "Characterization of a common susceptibility locus for asthma-related traits". Science. 304 (5668): 300–4. doi:10.1126/science.1090010. PMID 15073379.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Xu YL, Reinscheid RK, Huitron-Resendiz S, Clark SD, Wang Z, Lin SH, Brucher FA, Zeng J, Ly NK, Henriksen SJ, de Lecea L, Civelli O (Aug 2004). "Neuropeptide S: a neuropeptide promoting arousal and anxiolytic-like effects". Neuron. 43 (4): 487–97. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2004.08.005. PMID 15312648.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Melén E, Bruce S, Doekes G, Kabesch M, Laitinen T, Lauener R, Lindgren CM, Riedler J, Scheynius A, van Hage-Hamsten M, Kere J, Pershagen G, Wickman M, Nyberg F (May 2005). "Haplotypes of G protein-coupled receptor 154 are associated with childhood allergy and asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (10): 1089–95. doi:10.1164/rccm.200410-1317OC. PMID 15710598.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kormann MS, Carr D, Klopp N, Illig T, Leupold W, Fritzsch C, Weiland SK, von Mutius E, Kabesch M (Jun 2005). "G-Protein-coupled receptor polymorphisms are associated with asthma in a large German population". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (12): 1358–62. doi:10.1164/rccm.200410-1312OC. PMID 15764725.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gloriam DE, Schiöth HB, Fredriksson R (Apr 2005). "Nine new human Rhodopsin family G-protein coupled receptors: identification, sequence characterisation and evolutionary relationship". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1722 (3): 235–46. doi:10.1016/j.bbagen.2004.12.001. PMID 15777626.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Postma DS, Koppelman GH (Jun 2005). "Confirmation of GPRA: a putative drug target for asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (12): 1323–4. doi:10.1164/rccm.2503006. PMID 15941840.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Vendelin J, Pulkkinen V, Rehn M, Pirskanen A, Räisänen-Sokolowski A, Laitinen A, Laitinen LA, Kere J, Laitinen T (Sep 2005). "Characterization of GPRA, a novel G protein-coupled receptor related to asthma". American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 33 (3): 262–70. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2004-0405OC. PMID 15947423.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Söderhäll C, Marenholz I, Nickel R, Grüber C, Kehrt R, Rohde K, Griffioen RW, Meglio P, Tarani L, Gustafsson D, Hoffmann U, Gerstner B, Müller S, Wahn U, Lee YA (Jul 2005). "Lack of association of the G protein-coupled receptor for asthma susceptibility gene with atopic dermatitis". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 116 (1): 220–1. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2005.03.002. PMID 15990798.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Veal CD, Reynolds NJ, Meggitt SJ, Allen MH, Lindgren CM, Kere J, Trembath RC, Barker JN (Aug 2005). "Absence of association between asthma and high serum immunoglobulin E associated GPRA haplotypes and adult atopic dermatitis". The Journal of Investigative Dermatology. 125 (2): 399–401. doi:10.1111/j.0022-202X.2005.23828.x. PMID 16098057.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Feng Y, Hong X, Wang L, Jiang S, Chen C, Wang B, Yang J, Fang Z, Zang T, Xu X, Xu X (Mar 2006). "G protein-coupled receptor 154 gene polymorphism is associated with airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in a Chinese population". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 117 (3): 612–7. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2005.11.045. PMID 16522461.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Bernier V, Stocco R, Bogusky MJ, Joyce JG, Parachoniak C, Grenier K, Arget M, Mathieu MC, O'Neill GP, Slipetz D, Crackower MA, Tan CM, Therien AG (Aug 2006). "Structure-function relationships in the neuropeptide S receptor: molecular consequences of the asthma-associated mutation N107I". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 281 (34): 24704–12. doi:10.1074/jbc.M603691200. PMID 16790440.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Allen IC, Pace AJ, Jania LA, Ledford JG, Latour AM, Snouwaert JN, Bernier V, Stocco R, Therien AG, Koller BH (Nov 2006). "Expression and function of NPSR1/GPRA in the lung before and after induction of asthma-like disease". American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. 291 (5): L1005–17. doi:10.1152/ajplung.00174.2006. PMID 16829631.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Vendelin J, Bruce S, Holopainen P, Pulkkinen V, Rytilä P, Pirskanen A, Rehn M, Laitinen T, Laitinen LA, Haahtela T, Saarialho-Kere U, Laitinen A, Kere J (Oct 2006). "Downstream target genes of the neuropeptide S-NPSR1 pathway". Human Molecular Genetics. 15 (19): 2923–35. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddl234. PMID 16926187.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pulkkinen V, Haataja R, Hannelius U, Helve O, Pitkänen OM, Karikoski R, Rehn M, Marttila R, Lindgren CM, Hästbacka J, Andersson S, Kere J, Hallman M, Laitinen T (2007). "G protein-coupled receptor for asthma susceptibility associates with respiratory distress syndrome". Annals of Medicine. 38 (5): 357–66. doi:10.1080/07853890600756453. PMID 16938805.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.