Miosis causes

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Miosis Microchapters


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Historical Perspective




Differentiating Miosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


Miosis is usually caused as a side effect from drugs intending to treat pain, as well as chemotherapy agents. Other common causes include various neurologic and ophthalmologic conditions.


Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis, Corneal ulcer
Chemical/Poisoning Clonidine poisoning , Mustard gas, Nicotine, Phencyclidine poisoning, Tacrine toxicity
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Acetaminophen , Acetylcholine, Ambenonium, Camptothecin derivatives, Carbachol, Carbamates, Chemotherapy, Cholinergic agents, Codeine , Dapiprazole, Demerol, Diamorphine, Distigmine, Donepezil toxicity, Fentanyl, Haloperidol, Mao inhibitors, Methadone, Miostat, Miotics, Mirtazapine, Morphine, Muscarine, Naphazoline, Neostigmine, Olanzapine, Ondansetron, Opioid poisoning , Organophosphates, Oxycodone, Oxymetazoline, Parasympathomimetics, Pethidine, Phenoxybenzamine, Physostigmine, Pilocarpine , Pyridostigmine, Quetiapine, Tetrahydazoline, Thorazine, Tramadol, Trazodone
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic Hereditary disorders, Hereditary sensorimotor neuropathy type 3, Stormorken syndrome
Hematologic Hyphema, Intracranial hemorrhage, Pontine hemorrhage
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease Acute iritis, Iridocyclitis, Iritis, Tertiary syphillis, Uveitis
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic Adie's pupil , Argyll robertson pupils, Cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis, Cluster headache, Coma, Fatal familial insomnia, Horner's syndrome, Intracranial hemorrhage, Lateral medullary syndrome, Migraine, Neuropathy, Raeder paratrigeminal syndrome, Stormorken syndrome, Wallenberg's syndrome
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Pancoast tumor
Ophthalmologic Acute iritis, Adie's pupil , Anisocoria, Argyll robertson pupils, Corneal foreign body, Corneal ulcer, Horner's syndrome, Hyphema, Iridocyclitis, Iritis, Lateral medullary syndrome, Posterior iris synechiae, Raeder paratrigeminal syndrome, Uveitis
Overdose/Toxicity Heroin
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Parry-romberg syndrome
Sexual Tertiary syphillis
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Causes in Alphabetical Order


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