Medical microbiology is a branch of microbiology which deals with the study of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites which are of medical importance and are capable of causing diseases in human beings. It includes the study of microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology and is related to the study of disease pathology and immunology. In the medical laboratory, these microbiologists are often medical technologists and they also work in a subdepartment dedicated to parasitology.
This branch of microbiology is amongst the most widely studied and followed branches as this has given mankind a chance to fight the organisms that at one point of time were pure nemesis to us. Along with providing a deep knowledge and understanding of the nature of pathogens this line of study has also been the precursor to the wide gamut of immunological innovations in the field of medical science.
Not only has this field helped us to develop vaccines against invading organisms, but in a more holistic way has given mankind a second shot at a life. Deadly and debilitating diseases, like plague, small pox, polio, rabies, have been either eradicated or are more treatable now because of the efforts of scientists and researchers in the field of medical microbiology.