Internal iliac vein
The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the hypogastric artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac to form the common iliac vein.
With the exception of the fetal umbilical vein which passes upward and backward from the umbilicus to the liver, and the iliolumbar vein which usually joins the common iliac vein, the tributaries of the hypogastric vein correspond with the branches of the hypogastric artery.
internal pudendal vein
|have their origins outside the pelvis;|
|lateral sacral veins||lie in front of the sacrum|
|middle hemorrhoidal vein
|originate in venous plexuses connected with the pelvic viscera.|