Hemangioma medical therapy
Hemangioma medical therapy On the Web
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The majority of cases of hemangioma are self-limited. Patients with small, stable hemangiomas in non-vital sites are treated with "wait and see" approach, whereas patients with fast growth of hemangioma are treated medically.
- Medical and surgical options are available for the treatment of “problematic” hemangiomas.
- Medical management includes one or more systemic therapies.
- For massive and life-threatening disease:
- These agents have also been used for:
- Multifocal disease
- Visceral involvement
- Segmental distribution
- Airway obstruction
- Periorbital lesions
- A paradigm shift has occurred regarding the treatment of hemangiomas over the past few years.
- Propranolol, a nonselective β-adrenergic antagonist, was serendipitous discovered to cause regression of proliferating hemangiomas in newborns receiving treatment for cardiovascular disease.
- Numerous studies demonstrating the success of propranolol for shrinking hemangiomas
- Over ninety percent of patients have dramatic reduction in the size of their hemangiomas as early as 1-2 weeks following the first dose of propranolol.
- Dosing for propranolol in treating hemangiomas is recommended to be 2-3 mg/kg separated into two or three-times-a-day regimens.
- These doses are dramatically below the concentration employed for cardiovascular conditions in children.
Pediatric/Infantile hemangioma in proliferative phase:
- Oral regimen
Beyond proliferative phase
- Richter, Gresham T.; Friedman, Adva B. (2012). "Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations: Current Theory and Management". International Journal of Pediatrics. 2012: 1–10. doi:10.1155/2012/645678. ISSN 1687-9740.
- Zheng JW, Zhang L, Zhou Q, et al. A practical guide to treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck. Int J Clin Exp Med. 2013;6(10):851-60.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832322/?report=classic#
- Zvulunov A, McCuaig C, Frieden IJ, Mancini AJ, Puttgen KB, Dohil M, Fischer G, Powell J, Cohen B, Ben Amitai D (2011). "Oral propranolol therapy for infantile hemangiomas beyond the proliferation phase: a multicenter retrospective study". Pediatr Dermatol. 28 (2): 94–8. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01379.x. PMID 21362031.