HIV induced pericarditis classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ramyar Ghandriz MD[2]

Overview

HIV related pericarditis can be classified by possible complications. since there is always another organism or pathology underlying the disease, it is usually classified by its underlying cause.

Classification

HIV related pericarditis may be classified according to AHA based on possible complications as below[1][2][3]:

  • HIV related pericarditis which present with small effusion
  • HIV related pericarditis which present with large effusion
  • HIV related pericarditis which present with tamponade

Since there are plenty of underlying causes of HIV related pericarditis, these abnormalities and pathologies are usually indicated by the basic cause , like kaposi sarcoma caused pericarditis, streptococcal pericarditis.

References

  1. "Cardiac Manifestations of HIV".
  2. "Pericardial Effusion in AIDS | Circulation".
  3. Stotka JL, Good CB, Downer WR, Kapoor WN (1989). "Pericardial effusion and tamponade due to Kaposi's sarcoma in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome". Chest. 95 (6): 1359–61. doi:10.1378/chest.95.6.1359. PMID 2721281.