Epilepsy history and symptoms

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Epilepsy Microchapters


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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.


A positive history of family member with epilepsy, brain traumatic injuries, meningitis and encephalitis, febrile seizure in the childhood, enuresis, drug abuse and previous episod of seizure is suggestive of epilepsy. The most common symptoms of epileptic seizure include: Paroxysmal manner, similarity to each other in a patient in the aspect of duration and general characteristics, presenting with a motor phenomena which can be accompanied with sensory and autonomic manifestation, impaied consciousness, aura (sensory, autonomic, or psychic symptoms), starting with a triggers, post-ictal drowsiness, tongue biting and urine and fecal incontinence.

History and Symptoms


James Heilman, MD

Common Symptoms

Less Common Symptoms


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mattle, Heinrich (2017). Fundamentals of neurology : an illustrated guide. Stuttgart New York: Thieme. ISBN 9783131364524.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Cendes F, Andermann F, Carpenter S, Zatorre RJ, Cashman NR (January 1995). "Temporal lobe epilepsy caused by domoic acid intoxication: evidence for glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity in humans". Ann. Neurol. 37 (1): 123–6. doi:10.1002/ana.410370125. PMID 7818246.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Sheth RD, Drazkowski JF, Sirven JI, Gidal BE, Hermann BP (April 2006). "Protracted ictal confusion in elderly patients". Arch. Neurol. 63 (4): 529–32. doi:10.1001/archneur.63.4.529. PMID 16606764.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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