DLX3 (gene)

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Distal-less homeobox 3
Symbols DLX3 ; TDO
External IDs Template:OMIM5 Template:MGI HomoloGene74544
Template:GNF Ortholog box
Species Human Mouse
Entrez n/a n/a
Ensembl n/a n/a
UniProt n/a n/a
RefSeq (mRNA) n/a n/a
RefSeq (protein) n/a n/a
Location (UCSC) n/a n/a
PubMed search n/a n/a

Distal-less homeobox 3, also known as DLX3, is a human gene.[1]

Many vertebrate homeo box-containing genes have been identified on the basis of their sequence similarity with Drosophila developmental genes. Members of the Dlx gene family contain a homeobox that is related to that of Distal-less (Dll), a gene expressed in the head and limbs of the developing fruit fly. The Distal-less (Dlx) family of genes comprises at least 6 different members, DLX1-DLX6. Trichodentoosseous syndrome (TDO), an autosomal dominant condition, has been correlated with DLX3 gene mutation. This gene is located in a tail-to-tail configuration with another member of the gene family on the long arm of chromosome 17. Mutations in this gene have been associated with the autosomal dominant conditions trichodentoosseous syndrome and amelogenesis imperfecta with taurodontism.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: DLX3 distal-less homeobox 3".

Further reading

  • Morasso MI, Radoja N (2005). "Dlx genes, p63, and ectodermal dysplasias". Birth Defects Res. C Embryo Today. 75 (3): 163–71. doi:10.1002/bdrc.20047. PMID 16187309.
  • Scherer SW, Heng HH, Robinson GW; et al. (1995). "Assignment of the human homolog of mouse Dlx3 to chromosome 17q21.3-q22 by analysis of somatic cell hybrids and fluorescence in situ hybridization". Mamm. Genome. 6 (4): 310–1. PMID 7613049.
  • Bonaldo MF, Lennon G, Soares MB (1997). "Normalization and subtraction: two approaches to facilitate gene discovery". Genome Res. 6 (9): 791–806. PMID 8889548.
  • Nakamura S, Stock DW, Wydner KL; et al. (1997). "Genomic analysis of a new mammalian distal-less gene: Dlx7". Genomics. 38 (3): 314–24. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0634. PMID 8975708.
  • Price JA, Bowden DW, Wright JT; et al. (1998). "Identification of a mutation in DLX3 associated with tricho-dento-osseous (TDO) syndrome". Hum. Mol. Genet. 7 (3): 563–9. PMID 9467018.
  • Roberson MS, Meermann S, Morasso MI; et al. (2001). "A role for the homeobox protein Distal-less 3 in the activation of the glycoprotein hormone alpha subunit gene in choriocarcinoma cells". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (13): 10016–24. doi:10.1074/jbc.M007481200. PMID 11113121.
  • Park GT, Denning MF, Morasso MI (2001). "Phosphorylation of murine homeodomain protein Dlx3 by protein kinase C.". FEBS Lett. 496 (1): 60–5. PMID 11343707.
  • Peng L, Payne AH (2002). "AP-2 gamma and the homeodomain protein distal-less 3 are required for placental-specific expression of the murine 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase VI gene, Hsd3b6". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (10): 7945–54. doi:10.1074/jbc.M106765200. PMID 11773066.
  • Sumiyama K, Irvine SQ, Stock DW; et al. (2002). "Genomic structure and functional control of the Dlx3-7 bigene cluster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (2): 780–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.012584999. PMID 11792834.
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH; et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932.
  • Imabayashi H, Mori T, Gojo S; et al. (2003). "Redifferentiation of dedifferentiated chondrocytes and chondrogenesis of human bone marrow stromal cells via chondrosphere formation with expression profiling by large-scale cDNA analysis". Exp. Cell Res. 288 (1): 35–50. PMID 12878157.
  • Holland MP, Bliss SP, Berghorn KA, Roberson MS (2004). "A role for CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta in the basal regulation of the distal-less 3 gene promoter in placental cells". Endocrinology. 145 (3): 1096–105. doi:10.1210/en.2003-0777. PMID 14670999.
  • Haldeman RJ, Cooper LF, Hart TC; et al. (2005). "Increased bone density associated with DLX3 mutation in the tricho-dento-osseous syndrome". Bone. 35 (4): 988–97. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2004.06.003. PMID 15454107.
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA; et al. (2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMID 15489334.
  • Dong J, Amor D, Aldred MJ; et al. (2005). "DLX3 mutation associated with autosomal dominant amelogenesis imperfecta with taurodontism". Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 133 (2): 138–41. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.30521. PMID 15666299.
  • Islam M, Lurie AG, Reichenberger E (2006). "Clinical features of tricho-dento-osseous syndrome and presentation of three new cases: an addition to clinical heterogeneity". Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. 100 (6): 736–42. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.04.017. PMID 16301156.
  • Otsuki T, Ota T, Nishikawa T; et al. (2007). "Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full-length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo-capped cDNA libraries". DNA Res. 12 (2): 117–26. doi:10.1093/dnares/12.2.117. PMID 16303743.
  • Morsczeck C (2006). "Gene expression of runx2, Osterix, c-fos, DLX-3, DLX-5, and MSX-2 in dental follicle cells during osteogenic differentiation in vitro". Calcif. Tissue Int. 78 (2): 98–102. doi:10.1007/s00223-005-0146-0. PMID 16467978.
  • Berghorn KA, Clark-Campbell PA, Han L; et al. (2006). "Smad6 represses Dlx3 transcriptional activity through inhibition of DNA binding". J. Biol. Chem. 281 (29): 20357–67. doi:10.1074/jbc.M603049200. PMID 16687405.

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.

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