Cystic fibrosis chest x ray

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Cystic fibrosis Microchapters


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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Shaghayegh Habibi, M.D.[2]


In cystic fibrosis the chest radiographic features may overlap with many other disorders, particularly those characterized by inflammatory or destructive changes of the airways. Atelectasis is common in infancy. Most patients with CF demonstrate some of the classic chest radiographic findings that reflect chronic bronchiectasis, including hyperinflation, peribronchial thickening and dilatation, peribronchial cuffing, mucoid impaction, cystic radiolucencies, increase in interstitial marking, and scattered nodular densities.

X Ray

Dilated loops of bowel Source:Case courtesy of Dr Michael Sargent,, rID: 6009[4]
Advanced bronchiectasis: ring shadows and tram-track opacities are seen throughout both lungs, particularly well in the uppers zone Source: Case courtesy of A.Prof Frank Gaillard,, rID: 8247[4]


  1. Odev K, Guler I, Altinok T, Pekcan S, Batur A, Ozbiner H (2013). "Cystic and cavitary lung lesions in children: radiologic findings with pathologic correlation". J Clin Imaging Sci. 3: 60. doi:10.4103/2156-7514.124087. PMC 3935260. PMID 24605255.
  2. Grum CM, Lynch JP (September 1992). "Chest radiographic findings in cystic fibrosis". Semin Respir Infect. 7 (3): 193–209. PMID 1475543.
  3. Vult von Steyern K, Björkman-Burtscher IM, Geijer M (December 2013). "Radiography, tomosynthesis, CT and MRI in the evaluation of pulmonary cystic fibrosis: an untangling review of the multitude of scoring systems". Insights Imaging. 4 (6): 787–98. doi:10.1007/s13244-013-0288-y. PMC 3846934. PMID 24065629.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Cystic fibrosis | Radiology Case |".