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RefSeq (mRNA)



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COUP-TFII (COUP transcription factor 2), also known as NR2F2 (nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NR2F2 gene.[1][2] The COUP acronym stands for chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter.


COUP-TFII plays a critical role in controlling the development of a number of tissues and organs including heart, blood vessels, muscles and limbs.[3][4]

The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) stimulates COUP-TFII-induced transactivation while COUP-TFII represses the GR transcriptional activity.[5][6] COUP-TFII interacts with GATA2 to inhibit adipocyte differentiation.[7]


COUP-TFII has been shown to interact with:


  1. "Entrez Gene: NR2F2 nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 2".
  2. Qiu Y, Krishnan V, Zeng Z, Gilbert DJ, Copeland NG, Gibson L, Yang-Feng T, Jenkins NA, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (September 1995). "Isolation, characterization, and chromosomal localization of mouse and human COUP-TF I and II genes". Genomics. 29 (1): 240–6. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.1237. PMID 8530078.
  3. Pereira FA, Qiu Y, Zhou G, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (April 1999). "The orphan nuclear receptor COUP-TFII is required for angiogenesis and heart development". Genes Dev. 13 (8): 1037–49. doi:10.1101/gad.13.8.1037. PMC 316637. PMID 10215630.
  4. Lee CT, Li L, Takamoto N, Martin JF, Demayo FJ, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (December 2004). "The Nuclear Orphan Receptor COUP-TFII Is Required for Limb and Skeletal Muscle Development". Mol. Cell. Biol. 24 (24): 10835–43. doi:10.1128/MCB.24.24.10835-10843.2004. PMC 533959. PMID 15572686.
  5. De Martino MU, Bhattachryya N, Alesci S, Ichijo T, Chrousos GP, Kino T (April 2004). "The glucocorticoid receptor and the orphan nuclear receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II interact with and mutually affect each other's transcriptional activities: implications for intermediary metabolism". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (4): 820–33. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0341. PMID 14739255.
  6. De Martino MU, Alesci S, Chrousos GP, Kino T (June 2004). "Interaction of the glucocorticoid receptor and the chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII): implications for the actions of glucocorticoids on glucose, lipoprotein, and xenobiotic metabolism". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1024: 72–85. doi:10.1196/annals.1321.006. PMID 15265774.
  7. Xu Z, Yu S, Hsu CH, Eguchi J, Rosen ED (February 2008). "The orphan nuclear receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II is a critical regulator of adipogenesis". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (7): 2421–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.0707082105. PMC 2268152. PMID 18250317.
  8. Smirnov DA, Hou S, Ricciardi RP (March 2000). "Association of histone deacetylase with COUP-TF in tumorigenic Ad12-transformed cells and its potential role in shut-off of MHC class I transcription". Virology. 268 (2): 319–28. doi:10.1006/viro.1999.0181. PMID 10704340.
  9. Marcus SL, Winrow CJ, Capone JP, Rachubinski RA (November 1996). "A p56(lck) ligand serves as a coactivator of an orphan nuclear hormone receptor". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (44): 27197–200. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.44.27197. PMID 8910285.
  10. Avram D, Ishmael JE, Nevrivy DJ, Peterson VJ, Lee SH, Dowell P, Leid M (May 1999). "Heterodimeric Interactions between Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter-Transcription Factor Family Members ARP1 and Ear2". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (20): 14331–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.20.14331. PMC 2823254. PMID 10318855.
  11. Litchfield LM, Riggs KA, Hockenberry AM, Oliver LD, Barnhart KG, Cai J, Pierce WM, Ivanova MM, Bates PJ, Appana SN, Datta S, Kulesza P, McBryan J, Young LS, Klinge CM (May 2012). "Identification and characterization of nucleolin as a COUP-TFII coactivator of retinoic acid receptor β transcription in breast cancer cells". PLOS ONE. 7 (5): e38278. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038278. PMC 3365040. PMID 22693611.

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