Burn physical examination
Burn physical examination On the Web
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Patients with burn injury usually appear as burned(injury) skin . When a doctor or physician has been admitted burned patient, the diagnosis is usually known by physical examination of the patient. Physical examination of burn injury consists of a thorough of thickness and total body surface area of the patient body. Patient may be have burn on his head, neck, arm, leg, Anterior trunk,Posterior trunk, and genatilia.
- Partial-thickness burns greater than 10% of TBSA Burns that involve the face, hands, feet, genitalia, perineum, or major joints
- Third-degree burns in any age group
- Inhalation injury
- Burn injury in patients with preexisting medical disorders that could complicate management, prolong recovery, or affect mortality
- Any patient with burns and concomitant trauma (such as fractures) in which the burn injury poses the greatest risk for morbidity or mortality. In such cases, if the trauma poses the greater immediate risk, the patient may be stabilized initially in a trauma center before being transferred to a burn unit. Physician judgment will be necessary in such situations and should be in concert with the regional medical control plan and triage protocols.
- Burned children in hospitals without qualified personnel or equipment for the care of children
- Burn injury in patients who will require special social, emotional, or rehabilitative intervention.
Rule of nines estimates are not used for children. Their bodies have different proportions than adults. If your child has a burn that covers a medium to large area, your provider may use a chart, called a Lund-Browder chart, to make an estimate. This gives more accurate estimates based on a child's age and body size.
In serious burn injury, you may also need an emergency evaluation known as an ABCDE assessment. ABCDE assessments are used to check key body systems and functions. They often take place in ambulances, emergency rooms, and hospitals. They are used for different types of traumatic emergencies, including severe burns.
"ABCDE" stands for the following checks:
- Airway: check for any blockages in your airway.
- Breathing: check for signs of trouble breathing, including coughing, rasping, or wheezing. The provider may use a stethoscope to monitor your breath sounds.
- Circulation. A provider will use devices to check your heart and blood pressure. Health provider insert a catheter into your vein. Burns can often cause serious fluid loss.
- Disability: A provider will check for signs of brain damage. This for checking to see how you respond to different verbal and physical stimulation.
- Exposure: A provider will remove any chemicals or burn-causing substances from the skin by flushing the injured area with water. the health provider may bandage the area with a sterile dressing. The provider will also check your temperature, and warm you with a blanket and warm fluids if necessary.
Extent of the Burn
The rule of nines :
Divides the body into sections of 9% or 18% (2 times 9). The sections are divided as follows:
- Head and neck: 9% of TBSA
- Each arm: 9% TBSA
- Each leg: 18% TBSA
- Anterior trunk (front of the body=the anterior chest and abdomen) 18% TBSA
- Posterior trunk (back of the body=chest and back) 18% TBSA
- the perineum is 1%
- Palmar Surface - For small burns, (excluding the fingers) represents approximately 0.5%, and (including the palm and fingers) represents about 1%.
This is a more accurate method, especially in children, where each arm is 10%, anterior trunk and posterior trunk are each 13% and the percentage calculated for the head and legs varies based on the patient’s age.
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