Arterial bruit

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ogheneochuko Ajari, MB.BS, MS [2]

Synonyms and keywords: arterial murmur


Arterial bruits is the term for the unusual swishing sound that blood makes when it rushes past an obstruction (called turbulent flow) in an artery when the sound is auscultated with the bell portion of a stethoscope.


Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

There are no known life threatening causes of arterial bruit that would result in death or permanent disability if not treated within 24 hours.

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Abdominal aortic aneurysm, aortic arch atheroma, aortic coarctation, aortic regurgitation, arterial aneurysm, arteriosclerosis, arteriosclerotic plaque, arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous graft, congenital constricted arteries, high output cardiac failure, hyperdynamic circulation, increased blood flow, intimal proliferation, mitral valve regurgitation, patent ductus arteriosus, peripheral vascular disease, renal artery stenosis, secondary hypertension, stroke, Takayasu arteritis, thromboembolism, transient ischemic attack, vasculitis
Chemical/Poisoning No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Subclavian artery stenosis, vasculitis
Drug Side Effect No underlying causes
Ear Nose Throat Carotid artery dissection
Endocrine Hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Celiac artery compression syndrome, hepatocellular carcinoma, thyroid artery dilation, vasculitis
Genetic Fibromuscular dysplasia
Hematologic Anemia
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease No underlying causes
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Peripheral vascular disease, stroke, subclavian artery stenosis, transient ischemic attack, vasculitis
Neurologic Arteriosclerotic plaque, carotid artery dissection, carotid artery stenosis, carotid atherosclerosis, carotid-cavernous fistula, dissection of vessel wall, fibromuscular dysplasia, Neck trauma with damage to the carotid artery, stroke, subclavian artery stenosis, subclavian steal syndrome, Takayasu arteritis, temporal arteritis, tortuous carotid arteries, transient ischemic attack, vasculitis, vertebral artery stenosis
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic Pregnancy
Oncologic Hepatocellular carcinoma
Ophthalmologic Carotid artery stenosis, carotid atherosclerosis, carotid artery dissection, dissection of vessel wall, temporal arteritis, thyrotoxicosis, vasculitis
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary Thromboembolism, thyroid artery dilation, vasculitis
Renal/Electrolyte Renal artery stenosis, Takayasu arteritis, vasculitis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Temporal arteritis
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Neck trauma with damage to the carotid artery, vascular trauma
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Congenital constricted arteries, hemodialysis, vasculitis

Causes in Alphabetical Order


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