Abdominal aortic aneurysm causes

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vendhan Ramanujam M.B.B.S [2] Ramyar Ghandriz MD[3]


The most common cause of abdominal aortic aneurysm is atherosclerosis.


Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.[1]

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Anastomosis, aortic dissection, arteritis, atheroma, atherosclerosis, bicuspid aortic valve, coarctation of the aorta, coronary artery disease, cystic medial necrosis, endocarditis, heart valve surgery, vasculitis
Chemical / poisoning No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Chemotherapy, chronic glucocorticoid therapy
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, appendectomy, cholecystectomy, cholecystitis, cirrhosis, colorectal surgery, diverticulitis, esophageal varices, gastrointestinal endoscopy, gastrointestinal perforation, hemorrhoids, pancreatic pseudocyst
Genetic Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, arterial tortuosity syndrome, bicuspid aortic valve, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, Marfan syndrome, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Turner's syndrome
Hematologic No underlying causes
Iatrogenic Appendectomy, cholecystectomy, colorectal surgery, gastrointestinal endoscopy, heart valve surgery, hemodialysis, hip replacement surgery, nerve block, oral surgery, percutaneous access for cardiac catheterization, prior aortic repairs
Infectious Disease Acinetobacter, arteritis, aspergillus, bacteremia, bacteroides, brucella, burkholderia pseudomallei, campylobacter, candida, clostridium, corynebacterium, coxiella burnetii, cryptococcus, endocarditis, escherichia coli, haemophilus influenzae, HIV, intravenous drug use, klebsiella, lactococcus cremoris, listeria, melioidosis, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, mycobacterium tuberculosis, mycosis, nonpneumococcal streptococcus, oral surgery, osteomyelitis, periodontal infection, pneumonia, pseudallescheria boydii, pseudomonas, rothia dentocariosa, salmonella, septic embolic, soft tissue infection, staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis, streptococcus pneumoniae, treponema pallidum, urinary tract infection, vancomycin intermediate staphylococcus aureus, vertebral osteomyelitis, yersinia
Musculoskeletal / Ortho Arterial tortuosity syndrome, hip replacement surgery, osteomyelitis, vertebral osteomyelitis
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional / Metabolic Lipid metabolism disorders
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Malignancies
Opthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose / Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Renal / Electrolyte Hemodialysis, polycystic kidney disease
Rheum / Immune / Allergy Arteritis, giant cell arteritis, immunodeficiency, post-transplant, relapsing polychondritis, Takayasu disease, temporal arteritis
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Abdominal trauma, chest trauma, near drowning
Urologic No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, pseudoaneurysm

Causes in Alphabetical Order


  1. 1.0 1.1 Porter, Robert (2011). The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. Whitehouse Station, N.J: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. ISBN 9780911910193.
  2. Santosa, F.; Schrader, S.; Nowak, T.; Luther, B.; Kröger, K.; Bufe, A. (2013). "Thoracal, abdominal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm". Int Angiol. 32 (5): 501–5. PMID 23903309. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. Singh, K.; Bønaa, KH.; Jacobsen, BK.; Bjørk, L.; Solberg, S. (2001). "Prevalence of and risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysms in a population-based study : The Tromsø Study". Am J Epidemiol. 154 (3): 236–44. PMID 11479188. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)