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Brain-computer interfacesBrain damage
Brain regionsClinical neuropsychology
Cognitive neuroscienceHuman brain
PhrenologyCommon misconceptions

Brain functions

consciousnessdecision making
executive functionslanguage
motor coordinationperception
planningproblem solving


Arthur L. Benton • David Bohm •
António Damásio • Kenneth Heilman •
Phineas Gage • Norman Geschwind •
Elkhonon Goldberg • Donald Hebb •
Alexander Luria • Muriel D. Lezak •
Brenda Milner • Karl Pribram •
Oliver Sacks • Roger Sperry• H.M.• K.C.


Bender-Gestalt Test
Benton Visual Retention Test
Clinical Dementia Rating
Continuous Performance Task
Glasgow Coma Scale
Hayling and Brixton tests
Lexical decision task
Mini-mental state examination
Stroop effect
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Wisconsin card sorting task


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Neuropsychological tests are specifically designed tasks used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. They usually involve the systematic administration of clearly defined procedures in a formal environment. Neuropsychological tests are typically administered to a single person working with an examiner in a quiet office environment, free from distractions. As such, it can be argued that neuropsychological tests at times offer an estimate of a person's peak level of cognitive performance. Neuropsychological tests are a core component of the process of conducting neuropsychological assessment.

Most neuropsychological tests in current use are based on traditional psychometric theory. In this model, a person's raw score on a test is compared to a large general population normative sample, that should ideally be drawn from a comparable population to the person being examined. Normative studies frequently provide data stratified by age, level of education, and/or ethnicity, where such factors have been shown by research to affect performance on a particular test. This allows for a person's performance to be compared to a suitable control group, and thus provide a fair assessment of their current cognitive functioning.

One popular test battery is the Halstead-Reitan Test Battery. The following list includes tests from it, and other commonly-used tests.

List of neuropsychological tests

See also