|Section of the human esophagus. Moderately magnified. The section is transverse and from near the middle of the gullet.|
a. Fibrous covering.
b. Divided fibers of longitudinal muscular coat.
c. Transverse muscular fibers.
d. Submucous or areolar layer.
e. Muscularis mucosae.
f. Mucous membrane, with vessels and part of a lymphoid nodule.
g. Stratified epithelial lining.
h. Mucous gland.
i. Gland duct.
m’. Striated muscular fibers cut across.
|Gray's||subject #242 1110|
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The mucous membranes (or mucosae; singular: mucosa) are linings of mostly endodermal origin, covered in epithelium, which are involved in absorption and secretion. They line various body cavities that are exposed to the external environment and internal organs. It is at several places continuous with skin: at the nostrils, the lips, the ears, the genital area, and the anus. The sticky, thick fluid secreted by the mucous membranes and gland is termed mucus. The term mucous membrane refers to where they are found in the body and not every mucous membrane secretes mucus.
Body cavities featuring mucous membrane include most of the respiratory system. The glans penis (head of the penis) and glans clitoridis and the inside of the prepuce (foreskin) and clitoral hood are mucous membranes, not skin.
Types of mucosa (incomplete)
- Buccal mucosa
- Gastric mucosa
- Intestinal mucosa
- Olfactory mucosa
- Oral mucosa
- bronchial mucosa
- Uterine mucosa
- Endometrium is the mucosa of the uterus
- mucosa at eMedicine Dictionary
- Organology at UC Davis Digestive/mammal/system1/system4 - "Mammal, whole system (LM, Low)"
- Mucous+Membrane at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
Cost Effectiveness of Mucous membrane
| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Mucous membrane | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Mucous membrane at Clinical Trials.gov • Trial results on Mucous membrane • Clinical Trials on Mucous membrane at Google
| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Mucous membrane | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Mucous membrane • NICE Guidance on Mucous membrane • NHS PRODIGY Guidance • FDA on Mucous membrane • CDC on Mucous membrane
| group7 = Textbook Information on Mucous membrane | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Mucous membrane
| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Mucous membrane | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of Mucous membrane • AND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with Mucous membrane • AND (side effects)}} Side effects of Mucous membrane • AND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to Mucous membrane • AND (overdose)}} Overdose information on Mucous membrane • AND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on Mucous membrane • AND (pregnancy)}} Mucous membrane in pregnancy • AND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Mucous membrane •
| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Mucous membrane | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of Mucous membrane • AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of Mucous membrane • AND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Mucous membrane
| group11 = Commentary on Mucous membrane | list11 = Blogs on Mucous membrane
| group12 = Patient Resources on Mucous membrane | list12 = Patient resources on Mucous membrane • Discussion groups on Mucous membrane • Patient Handouts on Mucous membrane • Directions to Hospitals Treating Mucous membrane • Risk calculators and risk factors for Mucous membrane
| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Mucous membrane | list13 = Symptoms of Mucous membrane • Causes & Risk Factors for Mucous membrane • Diagnostic studies for Mucous membrane • Treatment of Mucous membrane
| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Mucous membrane | list14 = CME Programs on Mucous membrane
| group17 = Informatics Resources on Mucous membrane | list17 = List of terms related to Mucous membrane