Difference between revisions of "Jaundice differential diagnosis"

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{{CMG}}; {{AE}}
 
{{CMG}}; {{AE}}
  
==Overview==
+
== Differential diagnosis of jaundice ==
 +
'''Differential diagnosis of jaundice are:''' <ref name="pmid28145671">{{cite journal |vauthors=Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A |title=Evaluation of Jaundice in Adults |journal=Am Fam Physician |volume=95 |issue=3 |pages=164–168 |year=2017 |pmid=28145671 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
  
==Differential Diagnosis==
+
{| align="center"
 
+
|-
==References==
+
|
{{Reflist|2}}
+
{| style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%; margin: 3px;" align="center"
 
+
! colspan="2" rowspan="3" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Classification of jaundice based on etiology
[[Category:Needs content]]
+
! rowspan="3" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Disease
[[Category:Primary care]]
+
! colspan="4" rowspan="2" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |History and clinical manifestations
[[Category:Disease]]
+
! colspan="8" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Diagnosis
[[Category:Gastroenterology]]
+
|-
[[Category:Hepatology]]
+
! colspan="6" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Lab Findings
 
+
! rowspan="2" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Other blood tests
 
+
! rowspan="2" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Other diagnostic
{{WH}}
+
|-
{{WS}}
+
! rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Family history
 +
! align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Fever
 +
! align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |RUQ Pain
 +
! align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Pruritis
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |AST
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |ALT
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |ALK
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |BLR Indirect
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |BLR Direct
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="1" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Viral serology
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="25" align="center" style="background:#4479BA; color: #FFFFFF;" |Jaundice
 +
! colspan="1" rowspan="7" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" | Hepatocellular Jaundice
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Hemochromatosis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Ferritin ↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Wilson's disease
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Serum cerulloplasmin ↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Viral hepatitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Specific viral antibody for each type
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Alcoholic hepatitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Drug induced hepatitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Autoimmune hepatitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Anti-LKM antibody
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Cirrhosis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑/N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Low platate
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Small liver on ultrasond
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="6" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" | Cholestatic Jaundice
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Common bile duct stone
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Dilated ducts on sono
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |CT/ERCP
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Hepatitis A cholestatic type
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |HAV- AB
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Abdominal ultrasound
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |EBV / CMV hepatitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Positive serology
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Primary biliary cirrhosis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |AMA positive
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Primary sclerosing cholangitis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Beading on MRCP
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Pancreatic carcinoma
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N/↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Mass on ultrasond
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |CT scan for diagnosis
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="11" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Isolated Jaundice
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Crigler-Najjar type 2
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Gilbert
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Rotor syndrome
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Dubin-Johnson syndrome
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Liver biopsy
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Hereditory spherocytosis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Osmotic fragility
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |G6PD deficiency
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Thalassemia
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Sickle cell disease
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | +
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Genetic testing
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Paroxismal nocturnal hemoglobinoria
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Flocytometery
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Immune hemolysis
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| colspan="2" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Autoantibodies
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="1" rowspan="1" style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #DCDCDC;" align="center" |Hematoma
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -/+
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |↑
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |N
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" | -
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Anemia
 +
| style="padding: 5px 5px; background: #F5F5F5;" align="center" |Truma or surgery in history
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
|}

Revision as of 22:22, 7 December 2017

Jaundice Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief:

Differential diagnosis of jaundice

Differential diagnosis of jaundice are: [1]

Classification of jaundice based on etiology Disease History and clinical manifestations Diagnosis
Lab Findings Other blood tests Other diagnostic
Family history Fever RUQ Pain Pruritis AST ALT ALK BLR Indirect BLR Direct Viral serology
Jaundice Hepatocellular Jaundice Hemochromatosis + - -/+ - ↑/N ↑/N N - Ferritin ↑ Liver biopsy
Wilson's disease + - -/+ - N ↑/N N - Serum cerulloplasmin ↑ Liver biopsy
Viral hepatitis - -/+ - - N ↑/N N + Specific viral antibody for each type -
Alcoholic hepatitis - -/+ -/+ - ↑↑ N ↑/N N - - -
Drug induced hepatitis - -/+ - - N ↑/N N - - -
Autoimmune hepatitis -/+ - - -/+ N ↑/N N - Anti-LKM antibody Liver biopsy
Cirrhosis -/+ -/+ -/+ - ↑/N ↑/N ↑/N -/+ Low platate Small liver on ultrasond
Cholestatic Jaundice Common bile duct stone -/+ - + + N N N - Dilated ducts on sono CT/ERCP
Hepatitis A cholestatic type - -/+ + + N N N + HAV- AB Abdominal ultrasound
EBV / CMV hepatitis - -/+ + + N N N + Positive serology
Primary biliary cirrhosis -/+ - -/+ + N/↑ N/↑ N - AMA positive Liver biopsy
Primary sclerosing cholangitis -/+ - -/+ + N/↑ N/↑ N - Beading on MRCP Liver biopsy
Pancreatic carcinoma + - -/+ - N/↑ N/↑ N - Mass on ultrasond CT scan for diagnosis
Isolated Jaundice Crigler-Najjar type 2 + - - - N N N - Genetic testing
Gilbert + - - - N N N - Genetic testing
Rotor syndrome + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing Liver biopsy
Dubin-Johnson syndrome + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing Liver biopsy
Hereditory spherocytosis + - -/+ - N N N N - Genetic testing Osmotic fragility
G6PD deficiency + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Thalassemia + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Sickle cell disease + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Paroxismal nocturnal hemoglobinoria - - - - N N N N - Flocytometery
Immune hemolysis - -/+ - - N N N N - Autoantibodies
Hematoma - -/+ - - N N N N - Anemia Truma or surgery in history
  1. Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A (2017). "Evaluation of Jaundice in Adults". Am Fam Physician. 95 (3): 164–168. PMID 28145671. 

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