Difference between revisions of "Jaundice differential diagnosis"

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== Overview ==
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Jaundice is yellowish discoloration of the skin, [[conjunctiva]], and [[Mucous membrane|mucous membranes]] caused by [[hyperbilirubinemia]]. Usually, the concentration of [[bilirubin]] in the blood must exceed 2–3 mg/dL for the coloration to be easily visible. This page contains different causes of jaundice.
  
 
== Differential diagnosis of jaundice ==
 
== Differential diagnosis of jaundice ==
'''Differential diagnosis of jaundice are:''' <ref name="pmid28145671">{{cite journal |vauthors=Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A |title=Evaluation of Jaundice in Adults |journal=Am Fam Physician |volume=95 |issue=3 |pages=164–168 |year=2017 |pmid=28145671 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
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'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice, click [[Jaundice differential diagnosis#Jaundice|here]]'''.''
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'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice and RUQ pain, click [[Jaundice and RUQ pain|here]]'''.''
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'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice and pruritis, click [[Jaundice and pruritis|here]]'''.''
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'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice and fever, click [[Jaundice and fever|here]]'''.''
 +
 
 +
'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice, fever, and RUQ pain, click [[Jaundice, fever, and RUQ pain|here]]'''.''
 +
 
 +
'''''The differential diagnosis for jaundice, pruritis and RUQ pain, click [[Jaundice, pruritis and RUQ pain|here]]'''.''
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Differential diagnosis of jaundice are: <ref name="pmid28145671">{{cite journal |vauthors=Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A |title=Evaluation of Jaundice in Adults |journal=Am Fam Physician |volume=95 |issue=3 |pages=164–168 |year=2017 |pmid=28145671 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
  
 
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==References==
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{{Reflist|2}}

Latest revision as of 23:08, 7 December 2017

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mehrian Jafarizade, M.D [2]

Overview

Jaundice is yellowish discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva, and mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia. Usually, the concentration of bilirubin in the blood must exceed 2–3 mg/dL for the coloration to be easily visible. This page contains different causes of jaundice.

Differential diagnosis of jaundice

The differential diagnosis for jaundice, click here.

The differential diagnosis for jaundice and RUQ pain, click here.

The differential diagnosis for jaundice and pruritis, click here.

The differential diagnosis for jaundice and fever, click here.

The differential diagnosis for jaundice, fever, and RUQ pain, click here.

The differential diagnosis for jaundice, pruritis and RUQ pain, click here.


Differential diagnosis of jaundice are: [1]

Classification of jaundice based on etiology Disease History and clinical manifestations Diagnosis
Lab Findings Other blood tests Other diagnostic
Family history Fever RUQ Pain Pruritis AST ALT ALK BLR Indirect BLR Direct Viral serology
Jaundice Hepatocellular Jaundice Hemochromatosis + - -/+ - ↑/N ↑/N N - Ferritin ↑ Liver biopsy
Wilson's disease + - -/+ - N ↑/N N - Serum cerulloplasmin ↑ Liver biopsy
Viral hepatitis - -/+ - - N ↑/N N + Specific viral antibody for each type -
Alcoholic hepatitis - -/+ -/+ - ↑↑ N ↑/N N - - -
Drug induced hepatitis - -/+ - - N ↑/N N - - -
Autoimmune hepatitis -/+ - - -/+ N ↑/N N - Anti-LKM antibody Liver biopsy
Cirrhosis -/+ -/+ -/+ - ↑/N ↑/N ↑/N -/+ Low platate Small liver on ultrasond
Cholestatic Jaundice Common bile duct stone -/+ - + + N N N - Dilated ducts on sono CT/ERCP
Hepatitis A cholestatic type - -/+ + + N N N + HAV- AB Abdominal ultrasound
EBV / CMV hepatitis - -/+ + + N N N + Positive serology
Primary biliary cirrhosis -/+ - -/+ + N/↑ N/↑ N - AMA positive Liver biopsy
Primary sclerosing cholangitis -/+ - -/+ + N/↑ N/↑ N - Beading on MRCP Liver biopsy
Pancreatic carcinoma + - -/+ - N/↑ N/↑ N - Mass on ultrasond CT scan for diagnosis
Isolated Jaundice Crigler-Najjar type 2 + - - - N N N - Genetic testing
Gilbert + - - - N N N - Genetic testing
Rotor syndrome + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing Liver biopsy
Dubin-Johnson syndrome + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing Liver biopsy
Hereditory spherocytosis + - -/+ - N N N N - Genetic testing Osmotic fragility
G6PD deficiency + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Thalassemia + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Sickle cell disease + - - - N N N N - Genetic testing
Paroxismal nocturnal hemoglobinoria - - - - N N N N - Flocytometery
Immune hemolysis - -/+ - - N N N N - Autoantibodies
Hematoma - -/+ - - N N N N - Anemia Truma or surgery in history

References

  1. Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A (2017). "Evaluation of Jaundice in Adults". Am Fam Physician. 95 (3): 164–168. PMID 28145671. 

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