Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein

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Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
Identifiers
SymbolWAS
Alt. symbolsIMD2, THC
Entrez7454
HUGO12731
OMIM300392
RefSeqNM_000377
UniProtP42768
Other data
LocusChr. X p11.4-p11.21

The Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (WASp) is a 502-amino acid protein that is expressed in cells of the hematopoietic system. In the inactive state, WASp exists in an auto-inhibited conformation with sequences near its C-terminus binding to a region near its N-terminus. Its activation is dependent upon Cdc42 and PIP2 acting to disrupt this interaction causing the WASp protein to 'open'. This exposes a domain near the WASp C-Terminus that binds to and activates the Arp2/3 complex. Activated Arp2/3 nucleates new F-actin. WASp is the founding member of a gene family which also includes the broadly expressed N-WASP (neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein), and Scar.

Genetic diseases associated with WASp

WASp is a product of the WAS gene and mutations in the WAS gene can lead to Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (an X-linked disease that mainly affects males with symptoms that include thrombocytopenia, eczema, recurrent infections, and small-sized platelets). Other, less inactivating mutations affecting the WAS gene cause X-linked thrombocytopeia, or XLT.

See also

External links


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