UBE1C

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VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human
E2 binding domain
File:PDB 1r4n EBI.jpg
appbp1-uba3-nedd8, an e1-ubiquitin-like protein complex with atp
Identifiers
SymbolE2_bind
PfamPF08825
InterProIPR014929

NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 catalytic subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the UBA3 gene.[1][2]

The modification of proteins with ubiquitin is an important cellular mechanism for targeting abnormal or short-lived proteins for degradation. Ubiquitination involves at least three classes of enzymes: ubiquitin-activating enzymes, or E1s, ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes, or E2s, and ubiquitin-protein ligases, or E3s. This gene encodes a member of the E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme family. The encoded enzyme associates with AppBp1, an amyloid beta precursor protein binding protein, to form a heterodimer, and then the enzyme complex activates NEDD8, a ubiquitin-like protein, which regulates cell division, signaling and embryogenesis. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.[2]

This enzyme contains an E2 binding domain, which resembles ubiquitin, and recruits the catalytic core of the E2 enzyme UBE2M (Ubc12) in a similar manner to that in which ubiquitin interacts with ubiquitin binding domains.[3]

Interactions

UBE1C has been shown to interact with NEDD8,[4] APPBP1[5] and UBE2M.[3]

References

  1. Osaka F, Kawasaki H, Aida N, Saeki M, Chiba T, Kawashima S, Tanaka K, Kato S (August 1998). "A new NEDD8-ligating system for cullin-4A". Genes Dev. 12 (15): 2263–8. doi:10.1101/gad.12.15.2263. PMC 317039. PMID 9694792.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: UBE1C ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1C (UBA3 homolog, yeast)".
  3. 3.0 3.1 Huang DT, Paydar A, Zhuang M, Waddell MB, Holton JM, Schulman BA (February 2005). "Structural basis for recruitment of Ubc12 by an E2 binding domain in NEDD8's E1". Mol. Cell. 17 (3): 341–50. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2004.12.020. PMID 15694336.
  4. Gong, L; Yeh E T (April 1999). "Identification of the activating and conjugating enzymes of the NEDD8 conjugation pathway". J. Biol. Chem. UNITED STATES. 274 (17): 12036–42. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.17.12036. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 10207026.
  5. Chen, Y; McPhie D L; Hirschberg J; Neve R L (March 2000). "The amyloid precursor protein-binding protein APP-BP1 drives the cell cycle through the S-M checkpoint and causes apoptosis in neurons". J. Biol. Chem. UNITED STATES. 275 (12): 8929–35. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.12.8929. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 10722740.

Further reading


This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro: IPR014929



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