Turner syndrome historical perspective

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Historical Perspective

The syndrome is named after Henry Turner, an Oklahoma endocrinologist, who described it in 1938.[1] In Europe, it is often called Ullrich-Turner syndrome or even Bonnevie-Ulrich-Turner syndrome to acknowledge that earlier cases had also been described by European doctors.

The first published report of a female with a 45,X karyotype was in 1959 by Dr. Charles Ford and colleagues in Harwell, Oxfordshire and Guy's Hospital in London.[2] It was found in a 14-year-old girl with signs of Turner syndrome.

References

  1. Turner HH. (1938). A syndrome of infantilism, congenital webbed neck, and cubitus valgus. Endocrinology. 23:566-574.
  2. Ford CE, Jones KW, Polani PE, de Almeida JC, Briggs JH (1959). "A sex-chromosome anomaly in a case of gonadal dysgenesis (Turner's syndrome)". Lancet. 273 (7075): 711–3. PMID 13642858. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)



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