Statistical geography

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Statistical geography is the study and practice of collecting, analysing and presenting data that has a geographic or areal dimension, such as census or demographics data. It uses techniques from spatial analysis, but also encompasses geographical activities such as the defining and naming of geographical regions for statistical purposes. For example, for the purposes of statistical geography, the Australian Bureau of Statistics uses the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, a hierarchical regionalisation that divides Australia up into states and territories, then statistical divisions, statistical subdivisions, statistical local areas, and finally census collection districts.


  • Duncan, Otis Dudley, Raymond Paul Cuzzort and Beverly Duncan (1977). Statistical Geography: Problems in Analyzing Areal Data. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0837196760.