Secukinumab

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Secukinumab
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Rabin Bista, M.B.B.S. [2]

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Overview

Secukinumab is a human interleukin-17A antagonist that is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in adult patients. Common adverse reactions include nasopharyngitis, diarrhea, and upper respiratory tract infection.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

Indications

  • COSENTYXTM is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in adult patients who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy.

Recommended Dosage

  • The recommended dose is 300 mg by subcutaneous injection at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 followed by 300 mg every 4 weeks. Each 300 mg dose is given as 2 subcutaneous injections of 150 mg.
  • For some patients, a dose of 150 mg may be acceptable.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Secukinumab in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Secukinumab in adult patients.

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding FDA-Labeled Use of Secukinumab in pediatric patients.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Secukinumab in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Secukinumab in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

  • COSENTYX is contraindicated in patients with a previous serious hypersensitivity reaction to secukinumab or to any of the excipients

Warnings

Infections
  • COSENTYX may increase the risk of infections. In clinical trials, a higher rate of infections was observed in COSENTYX-treated subjects compared to placebo-treated subjects. In placebo-controlled clinical trials, higher rates of common infections such as nasopharyngitis (11.4% versus 8.6%), upper respiratory tract infection (2.5% versus 0.7%) and mucocutaneous infections with candida (1.2% versus 0.3%) were observed with COSENTYX compared with placebo. The incidence of some types of infections appeared to be dose-dependent in clinical studies.
  • Exercise caution when considering the use of COSENTYX in patients with a chronic infection or a history of recurrent infection.
  • Instruct patients to seek medical advice if signs or symptoms suggestive of an infection occur. If a patient develops a serious infection, the patient should be closely monitored and COSENTYX should be discontinued until the infection resolves.
Pre-treatment Evaluation for Tuberculosis
  • Evaluate patients for tuberculosis (TB) infection prior to initiating treatment with COSENTYX. Do not administer COSENTYX to patients with active TB infection. Initiate treatment of latent TB prior to administering COSENTYX. Consider anti-TB therapy prior to initiation of COSENTYX in patients with a past history of latent or active TB in whom an adequate course of treatment cannot be confirmed. Patients receiving COSENTYX should be monitored closely for signs and symptoms of active TB during and after treatment.
Exacerbations of Crohn’s Disease
  • Exercise caution when prescribing COSENTYX to patients with active Crohn’s disease, as exacerbations of Crohn’s disease, in some cases serious, were observed in COSENTYX-treated patients during clinical trials. Patients who are treated with COSENTYX and have active Crohn’s disease should be monitored closely.
Hypersensitivity Reactions
  • Anaphylaxis and cases of urticaria occurred in COSENTYX-treated patients in the clinical trials. If an anaphylactic or other serious allergic reaction occurs, administration of COSENTYX should be discontinued immediately and appropriate therapy initiated.
Risk of Hypersensitivity in Latex-sensitive Individuals
  • The removable cap of the COSENTYX Sensoready pen and the COSENTYX prefilled syringe contains natural rubber latex which may cause an allergic reaction in latex-sensitive individuals. The safe use of COSENTYX Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe in latex-sensitive individuals has not been studied.
Vaccinations
  • Prior to initiating therapy with COSENTYX, consider completion of all age appropriate immunizations according to current immunization guidelines. Patients treated with COSENTYX should not receive live vaccines.
  • Non-live vaccinations received during a course of COSENTYX may not elicit an immune response sufficient to prevent disease.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

Clinical Trials Experience

  • Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
  • A total of 3430 plaque psoriasis subjects were treated with COSENTYX in controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials. Of these, 1641 subjects were exposed for at least 1 year.
  • Four placebo-controlled phase 3 trials in plaque psoriasis subjects were pooled to evaluate the safety of COSENTYX in comparison to placebo up to 12 weeks after treatment initiation, in Trials 1, 2, 3, and 4. In total, 2077 subjects were evaluated (691 to COSENTYX 300 mg group, 692 to COSENTYX 150 mg group, and 694 to placebo group).
  • Table 1 summarizes the adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of at least 1% and at a higher rate in the COSENTYX groups than the placebo group during the 12-week placebo-controlled period of the placebo-controlled trials.
Secukinumab Adv Table1.png
Infections
  • In the placebo-controlled period of the clinical trials in plaque psoriasis (a total of 1382 subjects treated with COSENTYX and 694 subjects treated with placebo up to 12 weeks), infections were reported in 28.7% of subjects treated with COSENTYX compared with 18.9% of subjects treated with placebo. Serious infections occurred in 0.14% of patients treated with COSENTYX and in 0.3% of patients treated with placebo.
  • Over the entire treatment period (a total of 3430 plaque psoriasis subjects treated with COSENTYX for up to 52 weeks for the majority of subjects), infections were reported in 47.5% of subjects treated with COSENTYX (0.9 per patient-year of follow-up). Serious infections were reported in 1.2% of subjects treated with COSENTYX (0.015 per patient-year of follow-up).
  • Neutropenia was observed in clinical trials. Most cases of secukinumab-associated neutropenia were transient and reversible. No serious infections were associated with cases of neutropenia.
  • Exacerbations of Crohn’s disease, in some cases serious, were observed in clinical trials in both COSENTYX and placebo treated patients. In the psoriasis program, with 3430 patients exposed to COSENTYX there were 3 cases of exacerbation of Crohn’s disease .
Hypersensitivity Reactions
  • Anaphylaxis and cases of urticaria occurred in COSENTYX-treated patients in clinical trials.
Immunogenicity
  • As with all therapeutic proteins, there is the potential for immunogenicity. The immunogenicity of COSENTYX was evaluated using an electrochemiluminescence-based bridging immunoassay. Less than 1% of subjects treated with COSENTYX developed antibodies to secukinumab in up to 52 weeks of treatment. However, this assay has limitations in detecting anti-secukinumab antibodies in the presence of secukinumab; therefore the incidence of antibody development might not have been reliably determined. Of the subjects who developed antidrug antibodies, approximately one-half had antibodies that were classified as neutralizing. Neutralizing antibodies were not associated with loss of efficacy.
  • The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of incidence of antibodies to COSENTYX with the incidences of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

Postmarketing Experience

There is limited information regarding Postmarketing Experience of Secukinumab in the drug label.

Drug Interactions

  • Drug interaction trials have not been conducted with COSENTYX.
Live Vaccines
  • Patients treated with COSENTYX may not receive live vaccinations [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
Non-Live Vaccines
  • Patients treated with COSENTYX may receive non-live vaccinations. Healthy individuals who received a single 150 mg dose of COSENTYX 2 weeks prior to vaccination with a non-U.S. approved group C meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine and a non-U.S. approved inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine had similar antibody responses compared to individuals who did not receive COSENTYX prior to vaccination. The clinical effectiveness of meningococcal and influenza vaccines has not been assessed in patients undergoing treatment with COSENTYX.
CYP450 Substrates
  • A role for IL-17A in the regulation of CYP450 enzymes has not been reported. The formation of CYP450 enzymes can be altered by increased levels of certain cytokines (e.g., IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, TNFα, IFN) during chronic inflammation. Thus, COSENTYX, an antagonist of IL-17A, could normalize the formation of CYP450 enzymes. Upon initiation or discontinuation of COSENTYX in patients who are receiving concomitant CYP450 substrates, particularly those with a narrow therapeutic index, consider monitoring for therapeutic effect (e.g., for warfarin) or drug concentration (e.g., for cyclosporine) and consider dosage modification of the CYP450 substrate.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): B

  • There are no adequate and well controlled trials of COSENTYX in pregnant women. Developmental toxicity studies conducted with monkeys found no evidence of harm to the fetus due to secukinumab. COSENTYX should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
  • An embryofetal development study was performed in cynomolgus monkeys with secukinumab. No malformations or embryofetal toxicity were observed in fetuses from pregnant monkeys that were administered secukinumab weekly by the subcutaneous route during the period of organogenesis at doses up to 30 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD; on a mg/kg basis at a maternal dose of 150 mg/kg).
  • A pre- and postnatal development toxicity study was performed in mice with a murine analog of secukinumab. No treatment related effects on functional, morphological or immunological development were observed in fetuses from pregnant mice that were administered the murine analog of secukinumab on gestation days 6, 11, and 17 and on postpartum days 4, 10, and 16 at doses up to 150 mg/kg/dose.


Pregnancy Category (AUS):

  • Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category

There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Secukinumab in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Secukinumab during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

  • It is not known whether secukinumab is excreted in human milk or absorbed systemically after ingestion. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when COSENTYX is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

  • Safety and effectiveness of COSENTYX in pediatric patients have not been evaluated.

Geriatic Use

  • Of the 3430 plaque psoriasis subjects exposed to COSENTYX in clinical trials, a total of 230 were 65 years or older, and 32 subjects were 75 years or older. Although no differences in safety or efficacy were observed between older and younger subjects, the number of subjects aged 65 years and older was not sufficient to determine whether they responded differently from younger subjects.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Secukinumab with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Secukinumab with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Secukinumab in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Secukinumab in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Secukinumab in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Secukinumab in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

Important Administration Instructions

  • There are three presentations for COSENTYX (i.e., Sensoready pen, prefilled syringe, and lyophilized powder in vial for reconstitution). The COSENTYX “Instructions for Use” for each presentation contains more detailed instructions on the preparation and administration of COSENTYX.
  • COSENTYX is intended for use under the guidance and supervision of a physician. Patients may self-inject after proper training in subcutaneous injection technique using the Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe and when deemed appropriate. The lyophilized powder for reconstitution is for healthcare provider use only. Administer each injection at a different anatomic location (such as upper arms, thighs or any quadrant of abdomen) than the previous injection, and not into areas where the skin is tender, bruised, erythematous, indurated or affected by psoriasis. Administration of COSENTYX in the upper, outer arm may be performed by a caregiver or healthcare provider.
Preparation for Use of COSENTYX Sensoready® Pen and Prefilled Syringe
  • Before injection, remove COSENTYX Sensoready pen or COSENTYX prefilled syringe from the refrigerator and allow COSENTYX to reach room temperature (15 to 30 minutes) without removing the needle cap.
  • The removable cap of the COSENTYX Sensoready pen and the COSENTYX prefilled syringe contains natural rubber latex and should not be handled by latex-sensitive individuals.
  • Inspect COSENTYX visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. COSENTYX injection is a clear to slightly opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow solution. Do not use if the liquid contains visible particles, is discolored or cloudy. COSENTYX does not contain preservatives; therefore, administer the Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe within 1 hour after removal from the refrigerator. Discard any unused product remaining in the Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe.
Reconstitution and Preparation of COSENTYX Lyophilized Powder
  • COSENTYX lyophilized powder should be prepared and reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection by a trained healthcare provider using aseptic technique and without interruption. The preparation time from piercing the stopper until end of reconstitution on average takes 20 minutes and should not exceed 90 minutes.
  • Remove the vial of COSENTYX lyophilized powder from the refrigerator and allow to stand for 15 to 30 minutes to reach room temperature. Ensure the Sterile Water for Injection is at room temperature.
  • Slowly inject 1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection into the vial containing COSENTYX lyophilized powder and direct the stream of Sterile Water for Injection onto the lyophilized powder.
  • Tilt the vial at an angle of approximately 45 degrees and gently rotate between the fingertips for approximately 1 minute. Do not shake or invert the vial.
  • Allow the vial to stand for about 10 minutes at room temperature to allow for dissolution. Note that foaming may occur.
  • Tilt the vial at an angle of approximately 45 degrees and gently rotate between the fingertips for approximately 1 minute. Do not shake or invert the vial.
  • Allow the vial to stand undisturbed at room temperature for approximately 5 minutes. The reconstituted COSENTYX solution should be essentially free of visible particles, clear to opalescent, and colorless to slightly yellow. Do not use if the lyophilized powder has not fully dissolved or if the liquid contains visible particles, is cloudy or discolored.
  • Prepare the required number of vials (1 vial for the 150 mg dose or 2 vials for the 300 mg dose).
  • The COSENTYX reconstituted solution contains 150 mg of secukinumab in 1 mL of solution. After reconstitution, use the solution immediately or store in the refrigerator at 2ºC to 8ºC (36ºF to 46ºF) for up to 24 hours. Do not freeze.
  • If stored at 2ºC to 8ºC (36ºF to 46ºF), allow the reconstituted COSENTYX solution to reach room temperature (15 to 30 minutes) before administration. COSENTYX does not contain preservatives; therefore, administer within 1 hour after removal from 2ºC to 8ºC (36ºF to 46ºF) storage.

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Secukinumab in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Secukinumab in the drug label.

Overdosage

  • Doses up to 30 mg/kg intravenously (i.e., approximately 2000 to 3000 mg) have been administered in clinical trials without dose-limiting toxicity. In the event of overdosage, it is recommended that the patient be monitored for any signs or symptoms of adverse reactions and appropriate symptomatic treatment be instituted immediately.

Pharmacology

Secukinumab?
Therapeutic monoclonal antibody
Source u
Target IL17A
Identifiers
CAS number ?
ATC code L04AC10
PubChem ?
DrugBank DB09029
Chemical data
Formula C6584H10134N1754O2042S44 
Mol. mass 147.94 kDa
Synonyms AIN457
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ?
Metabolism ?
Half life ?
Excretion ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status

Approved

Routes ?

Mechanism of Action

  • Secukinumab is a human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that selectively binds to the interleukin-17A (IL-17A) cytokine and inhibits its interaction with the IL-17 receptor. IL-17A is a naturally occurring cytokine that is involved in normal inflammatory and immune responses. Secukinumab inhibits the release of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines.

Structure

  • Secukinumab is a recombinant human monoclonal IgG1/κ antibody that binds specifically to IL-17A. It is expressed in a recombinant Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell line. Secukinumab has a molecular mass of approximately 151 kDa; both heavy chains of secukinumab contain oligosaccharide chains.
COSENTYX Injection
  • COSENTYX injection is a sterile, preservative-free, clear to slightly opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow solution. COSENTYX is supplied in a single-use Sensoready pen with a 27 gauge fixed ½ inch needle, or a single-use prefilled syringe with a 27 gauge fixed ½ inch needle. The removable cap of the COSENTYX Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe contains natural rubber latex.
  • Each COSENTYX Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe contains 150 mg of secukinumab formulated in: L-histidine/histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (3.103 mg), L-methionine (0.746 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.2 mg), trehalose dihydrate (75.67 mg), and Sterile Water for Injection, USP, at pH of 5.8.
COSENTYX for Injection
  • COSENTYX for injection is supplied as a sterile, preservative free, white to slightly yellow, lyophilized powder in single-use vials. Each COSENTYX vial contains 150 mg of secukinumab formulated in L-histidine/L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (4.656 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.6 mg), and sucrose (92.43 mg). Following reconstitution with 1 mL Sterile Water for Injection, USP, the resulting pH is approximately 5.8.

Pharmacodynamics

  • Elevated levels of IL-17A are found in psoriatic plaques. Treatment with COSENTYX may reduce epidermal neutrophils and IL-17A levels in psoriatic plaques. Serum levels of total IL-17A (free and secukinumab-bound IL-17A) measured at Week 4 and Week 12 were increased following secukinumab treatment. These pharmacodynamic activities are based on small exploratory studies. The relationship between these pharmacodynamic activities and the mechanism(s) by which secukinumab exerts its clinical effects is unknown.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption
  • Following a single subcutaneous dose of either 150 mg (one-half the recommended dose) or 300 mg in plaque psoriasis patients, secukinumab reached peak mean (± SD) serum concentrations (Cmax) of 13.7 ± 4.8 mcg/mL and 27.3 ± 9.5 mcg/mL, respectively, by approximately 6 days post dose.
  • Following multiple subcutaneous doses of secukinumab, the mean (± SD) serum trough concentrations of secukinumab ranged from 22.8 ± 10.2 mcg/mL (150 mg) to 45.4 ± 21.2 mcg/mL (300 mg) at Week 12. At the 300 mg dose at Week 4 and Week 12, the mean trough concentrations resulted from the Sensoready pen were 23% to 30% higher than those from the lyophilized powder and 23% to 26% higher than those from the prefilled syringe based on cross-study comparisons.
  • Steady-state concentrations of secukinumab were achieved by Week 24 following the every 4 week dosing regimens. The mean (± SD) steady-state trough concentrations ranged from 16.7 ± 8.2 mcg/mL (150 mg) to 34.4 ± 16.6 mcg/mL (300 mg).
  • In healthy subjects and subjects with plaque psoriasis, secukinumab bioavailability ranged from 55% to 77% following subcutaneous dose of 150 mg (one-half the recommended dose) or 300 mg.
Distribution
  • The mean volume of distribution during the terminal phase (Vz) following a single intravenous administration ranged from 7.10 to 8.60 L in plaque psoriasis patients. Intravenous use is not recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
  • Secukinumab concentrations in interstitial fluid in lesional and non-lesional skin of plaque psoriasis patients ranged from 27% to 40% of those in serum at 1 and 2 weeks after a single subcutaneous dose of secukinumab 300 mg.
Elimination
  • The metabolic pathway of secukinumab has not been characterized. As a human IgG1κ monoclonal antibody secukinumab is expected to be degraded into small peptides and amino acids via catabolic pathways in the same manner as endogenous IgG.
  • The mean systemic clearance (CL) ranged from 0.14 L/day to 0.22 L/day and the mean half-life ranged from 22 to 31 days in plaque psoriasis subjects following intravenous and subcutaneous administration across all psoriasis trials. Intravenous use is not recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
Dose Linearity
  • Secukinumab exhibited dose-proportional pharmacokinetics in subjects with psoriasis over a dose range from 25 mg (approximately 0.083 times the recommended dose) to 300 mg following subcutaneous administrations.
Weight
  • Secukinumab clearance and volume of distribution increase as body weight increases.
Specific Populations
Hepatic or Renal Impairment
  • No formal trial of the effect of hepatic or renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of secukinumab was conducted.
Age
  • Geriatric Population:
  • Population pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the clearance of secukinumab was not significantly influenced by age in adult subjects with plaque psoriasis. Subjects who are 65 years or older had apparent clearance of secukinumab similar to subjects less than 65 years old.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
  • Animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic or mutagenic potential of COSENTYX. Some published literature suggests that IL-17A directly promotes cancer cell invasion in vitro, whereas other reports indicate IL-17A promotes T-cell mediated tumor rejection. Depletion of IL-17A with a neutralizing antibody inhibited tumor development in mice. The relevance of experimental findings in mouse models for malignancy risk in humans is unknown.
  • No effects on fertility were observed in male and female mice that were administered a murine analog of secukinumab at subcutaneous doses up to 150 mg/kg once weekly prior to and during the mating period.

Clinical Studies

  • Four multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (Trials 1, 2, 3, and 4) enrolled 2403 subjects (691 randomized to COSENTYX 300 mg, 692 to COSENTYX 150 mg, 694 to placebo, and 323 to a biologic active control) 18 years of age and older with plaque psoriasis who had a minimum body surface area involvement of 10%, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score greater than or equal to 12, and who were candidates for phototherapy or systemic therapy.
  • Trial 1 enrolled 738 subjects (245 randomized to COSENTYX 300 mg, 245 to COSENTYX 150 mg, and 248 to placebo). Subjects received subcutaneous treatment at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 followed by dosing every 4 weeks. Subjects randomized to COSENTYX received 300 mg or 150 mg doses at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 followed by the same dose every 4 weeks. Subjects randomized to receive placebo that were non-responders at Week 12 were then crossed over to receive COSENTYX (either 300 mg or 150 mg) at Weeks 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 followed by the same dose every 4 weeks. All subjects were followed for up to 52 weeks following first administration of study treatment.
  • Trial 2 enrolled 1306 subjects (327 randomized to COSENTYX 300 mg, 327 to COSENTYX 150 mg, 326 to placebo and 323 to a biologic active control). COSENTYX and placebo data are described. Subjects received subcutaneous treatment at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 followed by dosing every 4 weeks. Subjects randomized to COSENTYX received 300 mg or 150 mg doses at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 followed by the same dose every 4 weeks. Subjects randomized to receive placebo that were non-responders at Week 12 then crossed over to receive COSENTYX (either 300 mg or 150 mg) at Weeks 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 followed by the same dose every 4 weeks. All subjects were followed for up to 52 weeks following first administration of study treatment.
  • Trial 3 enrolled 177 subjects (59 randomized to COSENTYX 300 mg, 59 to COSENTYX 150 mg, and 59 to placebo) and assessed safety, tolerability, and usability of COSENTYX self-administration via prefilled syringe for 12 weeks. Subjects received subcutaneous treatment at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4, followed by the same dose every 4 weeks for up to 12 weeks total.
  • Trial 4 enrolled 182 subjects (60 randomized to COSENTYX 300 mg, 61 to COSENTYX 150 mg, and 61 to placebo) and assessed safety, tolerability, and usability of COSENTYX self-administration via Sensoready pen for 12 weeks. Subjects received subcutaneous treatment at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4, followed by the same dose every 4 weeks for up to 12 weeks total.

Endpoints

  • In all trials, the endpoints were the proportion of subjects who achieved a reduction in PASI score of at least 75% (PASI 75) from baseline to Week 12 and treatment success (clear or almost clear) on the Investigator’s Global Assessment modified 2011 (IGA). Other evaluated outcomes included the proportion of subjects who achieved a reduction in PASI score of at least 90% (PASI 90) from baseline at Week 12, maintenance of efficacy to Week 52, and improvements in itching, pain and scaling at Week 12 based on the Psoriasis Symptom Diary©.
  • The PASI is a composite score that takes into consideration both the percentage of body surface area affected and the nature and severity of psoriatic changes within the affected regions (induration, erythema and scaling). The IGA is a 5-category scale including “0 = clear” “1 = almost clear”, “2 = mild”, “3 = moderate” or “4 = severe” indicating the physician’s overall assessment of the psoriasis severity focusing on induration, erythema and scaling. Treatment success of “clear” or “almost clear” consisted of no signs of psoriasis or normal to pink coloration of lesions, no thickening of the plaque and none to minimal focal scaling.
Baseline Characteristics
  • Across all treatment groups the baseline PASI score ranged from 11 to 72 with a median of 20 and the baseline IGA score ranged from “moderate” (62%) to “severe” (38%). Of the 2077 plaque psoriasis subjects who were included in the placebo-controlled trials, 79% were biologic-naïve (have never received a prior treatment with biologics) and 45% were non-biologic failures (failed to respond to a prior treatment with non-biologics therapies). Of the patients who received a prior treatment with biologics, over one-third were biologic failures. Approximately 15% to 25% of trial subjects had a history of psoriatic arthritis.
Clinical Response
  • The results of Trials 1 and 2 are presented in Table 2.
Secukinumab Cl St Table 2,3.png
  • Examination of age, gender, and race subgroups did not identify differences in response to COSENTYX among these subgroups. Based on post-hoc sub-group analyses in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, patients with lower body weight and lower disease severity may achieve an acceptable response with COSENTYX 150 mg.
  • PASI 90 response at Week 12 was achieved with COSENTYX 300 mg and 150 mg compared to placebo in 59% (145/245) and 39% (95/245) versus 1% (3/248) of subjects, respectively (Trial 1) and 54% (175/327) and 42% (137/327) versus 2% (5/326) of subjects, respectively (Trial 2). Similar results were seen in Trials 3 and 4.
  • With continued treatment over 52 weeks, subjects in Trial 1 who were PASI 75 responders at Week 12 maintained their responses in 81% (161/200) of the subjects treated with COSENTYX 300 mg and in 72% (126/174) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 150 mg. Trial 1 subjects who were clear or almost clear on the IGA at Week 12 also maintained their responses in 74% (119/160) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 300 mg and in 59% (74/125) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 150 mg. Similarly in Trial 2, PASI 75 responders maintained their responses in 84% (210/249) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 300 mg and in 82% (180/219) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 150 mg. Trial 2 subjects who were clear or almost clear on the IGA also maintained their responses in 80% (161/202) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 300 mg and in 68% (113/167) of subjects treated with COSENTYX 150 mg.
  • Among the subjects who chose to participate (39%) in assessments of patient reported outcomes, improvements in signs and symptoms related to itching, pain, and scaling, at Week 12 compared to placebo (Trials 1 and 2) were observed using the Psoriasis Symptom Diary©.

How Supplied

  • COSENTYX Sensoready pen:
NDC 0078-0639-41: Carton of two 150 mg/mL (300 mg dose) Sensoready pens (injection)
NDC 0078-0639-68: Carton of one 150 mg/mL single-use Sensoready pen (injection)
  • COSENTYX prefilled syringe:
NDC 0078-0639-98: Carton of two 150 mg/mL (300 mg dose) single-use prefilled syringes (injection)
NDC 0078-0639-97: Carton of one 150 mg/mL single-use prefilled syringe (injection)
  • The removable cap of the COSENTYX Sensoready pen and prefilled syringe contains natural rubber latex. Each Sensoready pen and prefilled syringe is equipped with a needle safety guard.
  • COSENTYX vial (for healthcare professional use only):
NDC 0078-0657-61: Carton of one 150 mg lyophilized powder in a single-use vial (for injection)

Storage

  • COSENTYX Sensoready pens, prefilled syringes and vials must be refrigerated at 2ºC to 8ºC (36ºF to 46ºF). Keep the product in the original carton to protect from light until the time of use. Do not freeze. To avoid foaming do not shake. COSENTYX does not contain a preservative; discard any unused portion.

Images

Drug Images

Package and Label Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

COSENTYXTM

(secukinumab)

Injection

150 mg/mL

1 Prefilled Syringe

NDC 0078-0639-97

Single-use Prefilled Syringe

ATTENTION: Dispense with enclosed Medication Guide

For Subcutaneous Use Only

Sterile Solution - Contains No Preservative

Caution: Contains Natural Rubber Latex Which May Cause Allergic Reaction.

Rx only

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Ingredients and Appearance

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Patient Counseling Information

  • Advise the patient to read FDA-approved patient labeling [Medication Guide and Instructions for Use].
Patient Counseling
  • Instruct patients to read the Medication Guide before starting COSENTYX therapy and to reread the Medication Guide each time the prescription is renewed.
  • Advise patients of the potential benefits and risks of COSENTYX.
Infections
  • Inform patients that COSENTYX may lower the ability of their immune system to fight infections. Instruct patients of the importance of communicating any history of infections to the doctor and contacting their doctor if they develop any symptoms of infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Hypersensitivity
  • Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if they experience any symptoms of serious hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
Instruction on Injection Technique
  • Perform the first self-injection under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional. If a patient or caregiver is to administer COSENTYX, instruct him/her in injection techniques and assess their ability to inject subcutaneously to ensure the proper administration of COSENTYX [see Medication Guide and Instructions for Use].
  • Instruct patients or caregivers in the technique of proper syringe and needle disposal, and advise them not to reuse these items. Instruct patients to inject the full amount of COSENTYX (1 or 2 subcutaneous injections of 150 mg) according to the directions provided in the Medication Guide and Instructions for Use. Dispose of needles, syringes and pens in a puncture-resistant container.

MEDICATION GUIDE

MEDICATION GUIDE
COSENTYXTM (koe-sen’-tix)
(secukinumab)
Injection
What is the most important information I should know about COSENTYX?
  • COSENTYX is a medicine that affects your immune system. COSENTYX may increase your risk of having serious side effects such as:
  • Infections. COSENTYX may lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections and may increase your risk of infections.
  • Your healthcare provider should check you for tuberculosis (TB) before starting treatment with COSENTYX.
  • If your healthcare provider feels that you are at risk for TB, you may be treated with medicine for TB before you begin treatment with COSENTYX and during treatment with COSENTYX.
  • Your healthcare provider should watch you closely for signs and symptoms of TB during treatment with COSENTYX. Do not take COSENTYX if you have an active TB infection.
Before starting COSENTYX, tell your healthcare provider if you:
  • are being treated for an infection
  • have an infection that does not go away or that keeps coming back
  • have TB or have been in close contact with someone with TB
  • think you have an infection or have symptoms of an infection such as:
  • fever, sweats, or chills
  • muscle aches
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • blood in your phlegm
  • weight loss
  • warm, red, or painful skin or sores on your body
  • diarrhea or stomach pain
  • burning when you urinate or urinate more often than normal
  • After starting COSENTYX, call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the signs of infection listed above. Do not use COSENTYX if you have any signs of infection unless you are instructed to by your healthcare provider.
  • See “What are the possible side effects of COSENTYX?” for more information about side effects.
What is COSENTYX?
  • COSENTYX is a prescription medicine used to treat adults:
  • with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis that involves large areas or many areas of the body, and
  • who may benefit from taking injections or pills (systemic therapy) or phototherapy (treatment using ultraviolet or UV light alone or with systemic therapy)
  • COSENTYX may improve your psoriasis but it may also lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections.
  • It is not known if COSENTYX is safe and effective in children.
Who should not use COSENTYX?
  • Do not use COSENTYX if you have had a severe allergic reaction to secukinumab or any of the other ingredients in COSENTYX. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in COSENTYX.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before starting COSENTYX?
  • Before starting COSENTYX, tell your healthcare provider if you:
  • have any of the conditions or symptoms listed in the section “What is the most important information I should know about COSENTYX?”
  • have Crohn’s disease
  • are allergic to latex. The needle cap on the COSENTYX Sensoready® pen and prefilled syringe contains latex.
  • have recently received or are scheduled to receive an immunization (vaccine). People who take COSENTYX should not receive live vaccines.
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if COSENTYX can harm your unborn baby. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will use COSENTYX.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if COSENTYX passes into your breast milk.
  • Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
  • Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
How should I use COSENTYX?
  • See the detailed “Instructions for Use” that comes with your COSENTYX for information on how to prepare and inject a dose of COSENTYX, and how to properly throw away (dispose of) used COSENTYX Sensoready pens and prefilled syringes.
  • Use COSENTYX exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • If your healthcare provider decides that you or a caregiver may give your injections of COSENTYX at home, you should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject COSENTYX. Do not try to inject COSENTYX yourself, until you or your caregiver has been shown how to inject COSENTYX by your healthcare provider.
  • COSENTYX comes in a Sensoready pen or prefilled syringe that you or your caregiver may use at home to give injections. Your healthcare provider will decide which type of COSENTYX is best for you to use at home.
  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe the dose of COSENTYX that is right for you.
  • If your prescribed dose of COSENTYX is 150 mg, you must give 1 injection of COSENTYX for each dose.
  • If your prescribed dose of COSENTYX is 300 mg, you must give 2 injections for each dose.
  • COSENTYX is given as an injection under your skin (subcutaneous injection), in your upper legs (thighs) or stomach-area (abdomen) by you or a caregiver. A caregiver may also give you an injection of COSENTYX in your upper outer arm.
  • Do not give an injection in an area of the skin that is tender, bruised, red or hard, or in an area of skin that is affected by psoriasis.
  • Each injection should be given at a different site. Do not use the 2 inch area around your navel (belly button).
  • If you inject more COSENTYX than prescribed, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest emergency room right away.
What are the possible side effects of COSENTYX?
  • COSENTYX may cause serious side effects, including:
  • See “What is the most important information I should know about COSENTYX?”
  • Crohn’s disease “flare-ups” (worsening Crohn’s disease). Crohn’s disease “flare-ups” can happen with COSENTYX, and can sometimes be serious. If you have Crohn’s disease, tell your healthcare provider if you have worsening Crohn’s disease symptoms during treatment with COSENTYX.
  • Serious allergic reactions. Get emergency medical help right away if you get any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
  • feel faint
  • swelling of your face, eyelids, lips, mouth, tongue, or throat
  • trouble breathing or throat tightness
  • chest tightness
  • skin rash
  • If you have a severe allergic reaction, do not give another injection of COSENTYX.
  • The most common side effects of COSENTYX include:
  • cold symptoms
  • diarrhea
  • upper respiratory infections
  • These are not all of the possible side effects of COSENTYX. Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
  • Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store COSENTYX?
  • Store COSENTYX in a refrigerator, between 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  • Keep COSENTYX in the original carton until ready for use to protect from light.
  • Do not freeze COSENTYX.
  • Do not shake COSENTYX.
  • Keep COSENTYX and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of COSENTYX
  • Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use COSENTYX for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give COSENTYX to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
  • If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about COSENTYX that is written for health professionals.
  • For more information, call 1-888-669-6682 or go to www.COSENTYX.com.
What are the ingredients in COSENTYX?
  • Active ingredient: secukinumab
  • Inactive ingredients:
  • Sensoready pen and prefilled syringe: L-histidine/histidine hydrochloride monohydrate, L-methionine, polysorbate 80, trehalose dihydrate, and sterile water for injection.
  • Vial: L-histidine/histidine hydrochloride monohydrate, polysorbate 80, and sucrose.
  • This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

COSENTYXTM (koe-sen’-tix)

(secukinumab)

For Injection

The following information is intended for medical or healthcare professionals only.

IMPORTANT:

  • The single-use vial contains 150 mg of COSENTYX for reconstitution with Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI). Do not use the vial after the expiry date shown on the outer box or vial. If it has expired, return the entire pack to the pharmacy.
  • The preparation of the solution for subcutaneous injection shall be done without interruption ensuring that aseptic technique is used. The preparation time from piercing the stopper until end of reconstitution on average takes 20 minutes and should not exceed 90 minutes.
  • Throw away (dispose of) the used syringe right away after use. Do not re-use a syringe. See “How should I dispose of a used syringe?” at the end of this Instructions for Use.
How should I store COSENTYX?
  • Store the vial of COSENTYX in the refrigerator between 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F).
  • To prepare COSENTYX 150 mg for injection, please adhere to the following instructions:
  • Instructions for reconstitution of COSENTYX 150 mg for injection:
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INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

COSENTYXTM (koe-sen’-tix)

(secukinumab)

Injection

Prefilled Syringe

  • Be sure that you read, understand, and follow this Instructions for Use before injecting COSENTYX. Your healthcare provider should show you how to prepare and inject COSENTYX properly using the prefilled syringe before you use it for the first time. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions.

Important:

  • Do not use the COSENTYX prefilled syringe if either the seal on the outside carton or the seal of the blister are broken. Keep the COSENTYX prefilled syringe in the sealed carton until you are ready to use it.
  • Inject COSENTYX within 1 hour after taking it out of the refrigerator.
  • Do not shake the COSENTYX prefilled syringe.
  • The needle caps of the prefilled syringes contain latex. Do not handle the prefilled syringes if you are sensitive to latex.
  • The prefilled syringe has a needle guard that will be activated to cover the needle after the injection is finished. The needle guard will help to prevent needle stick injuries to anyone who handles the prefilled syringe.
  • Do not remove the needle cap until just before you give the injection.
  • Avoid touching the syringe guard wings before use. Touching them may cause the syringe guard to be activated too early.
  • Throw away (dispose of) the used COSENTYX prefilled syringe right away after use. Do not re-use a COSENTYX prefilled syringe. See “How should I dispose of used COSENTYX prefilled syringes?” at the end of this Instructions for Use.


How should I store COSENTYX?
  • Store your carton of COSENTYX prefilled syringes in a refrigerator, between 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  • Keep COSENTYX prefilled syringes in the original carton until ready to use to protect from light.
  • Do not freeze COSENTYX prefilled syringes.

Keep COSENTYX and all medicines out of the reach of children.

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INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

COSENTYXTM (koe-sen’-tix)

(secukinumab)

Injection

Sensoready® Pen

Be sure that you read, understand, and follow this Instructions for Use before injecting COSENTYX. Your healthcare provider should show you how to prepare and inject COSENTYX properly using the Sensoready Pen before you use it for the first time. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions.

Important:

  • Do not use the COSENTYX Sensoready Pen if either the seal on the outer carton or the seal on the pen is broken. Keep the COSENTYX Sensoready Pen in the sealed outer carton until you are ready to use it.
  • Inject COSENTYX within 1 hour after taking it out of the refrigerator.
  • Do not shake the COSENTYX Sensoready Pen.
  • The caps of the Sensoready Pens contain latex. Do not handle the Sensoready Pens if you are sensitive to latex.
  • If you drop your COSENTYX Sensoready Pen, do not use it if the Sensoready Pen looks damaged, or if you dropped it with the cap removed.
  • Throw away (dispose of) the used COSENTYX Sensoready Pen right away after use. Do not re-use a COSENTYX Sensoready Pen. See “How should I dispose of used COSENTYX Sensoready Pens?” at the end of this Instructions for Use.


How should I store COSENTYX?

  • Store your carton of COSENTYX Sensoready Pen in a refrigerator, between 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  • Keep COSENTYX Sensoready Pen in the original carton until ready to use to protect from light.
  • Do not freeze COSENTYX Sensoready Pen.
  • Keep COSENTYX and all medicines out of the reach of children.
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Precautions with Alcohol

  • Alcohol-Secukinumab interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

Look-Alike Drug Names

There is limited information regarding Secukinumab Look-Alike Drug Names in the drug label.

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.


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