Ribose

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Template:Chembox E numberTemplate:Chembox SolubilityInWater
Ribose[1]
IUPAC name (3R,4S,5R)-5-(Hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2,3,4-triol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
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Properties
C5H10O5
Molar mass 150.13
Appearance White solid
Melting point
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Ribose (ɹˈaɪbəʊs[2], ɹˈaɪbəɹʊs[3]), primarily seen as D-ribose, is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group in its linear form. It has the chemical formula C5H10O5, and was discovered in 1905 by Phoebus Levene.

As a component of the RNA that is used for genetic transcription, ribose is critical to living creatures. It is related to deoxyribose, which is a component of DNA. It is also a component of ATP, NADH, and several other chemicals that are critical to metabolism.

Refer to the article on deoxyribose for more information on both sugars, how they relate to each other, and how they relate to genetic material.

Isomerism

D-Ribose has the same configuration at its penultimate carbon atom as D-glyceraldehyde.

Ribose in acyclic form


See also

References

External links


bg:Рибоза cs:Ribóza da:Ribose de:Ribose eo:Ribozo id:Ribosa it:Ribosio he:ריבוז lv:Riboze lt:Ribozė nl:Ribose no:Ribose oc:Ribòsa simple:Ribose sr:Рибоза sh:Riboza fi:Riboosi sv:Ribos ta:ரைபோஸ் uk:Рибоза



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