Respiratory acidosis causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

Common causes of respiratory acidosis include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Neuromuscular diseases, Chest wall disorders, obesity-hypoventilation syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the Central nervous system (CNS) depression, lung and airway diseases etc.

Causes

Common Causes

Respiratory acidosis may be caused by:

Less Common Causes

Less common causes of disease name include:

Causes by Organ System

Chemical / poisoning Agrocide, Agronexit, Aparasin, Aphtiria, Ben-Hex, Benhexol, Benzene hexachloride, Bexol, Chloresene, Cone shell poisoning, HCH-gamma, Hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma), Lindane, Poison hemlock, Tetrodotoxin, Tick paralysis
Drug Side Effect Acetylcarbromal, Alfentanil, Alprazolam, Amylobarbitone, Barbitone, Bromazepam, Brotizolam, Butabarbital, Butalbital, Butobarbitone, Camazepam, Chlordiazepoxide, Cinolazepam, Clobazam, Clonazepam, Clorazepate, Clotiazepam, Cloxazolam, Cyclobarbital, Demethyldiazepam, Diazepam, Doxefazepam, Drug overdose, Estazolam, Ethyl loflazepate, Etizolam, Etomidate, Fentanyl, Flurazepam, Fluridrazepam, Fospropofol, General anaesthesia, Halazepam, Haloxazolam, Hexobarbital, Ketazolam, Loprazolam, Lorazepam, Lormetazepam, Medazepam, Mephobarbital, Methohexital, Mexazolam, Midazolam, Nitrazepam, Oxazepam, Oxazolam, Pentobarbital, Pethidine, Phenobarbital, Pinazepam, Prazepam, Primidone, Promethazine, Propofol, Quazepam, Remifentanil, Secobarbital, Sufentanil, Tapentadol, Temazepam, Tetrazepam, Thiamylal, Thiopentone, Tofisopam, Triazolam
Gastroenterologic Necrotizing enterocolitis
Genetic Athabaskan brain stem dysgenesis, Edstrom myopathy, Jeune thoracic dystrophy syndrome, Muscular dystrophy, Nemaline myopathy, Perry syndrome, Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, X-linked myotubular myopathy, Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome
Infectious Disease Clostridium tetani, Poliomyelitis
Musculoskeletal / Ortho Cervical spine injury, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Congenital fiber-type disproportion myopathy, Diaphragm paralysis, Idiopathic spinal scoliosis, Rib fracture, Severe kyphoscoliosis, Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome, Muscular dystrophy, Nemaline myopathy, Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, X-linked myotubular myopathy, Neuromuscular diseases, Myasthenia gravis, Polymyositis
Neurologic Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Brain death, Brown-Vialetto-van Laere syndrome, Central sleep apnea, CNS depression, Congenital failure of autonomic control, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Motor neuron disease, Neuromuscular diseases, Raised intracranial pressure, Subacute necrotising encephalomyelopathy, X-linked infantile spinal muscular atrophy, Athabaskan brain stem dysgenesis, Diaphragm paralysis, Brain tumor
Nutritional / Metabolic Subacute necrotising encephalomyelopathy
Oncologic Brain tumor
Overdose / Toxicity Acetylcarbromal, Alfentanil, Alprazolam, Amylobarbitone, Barbitone, Bromazepam, Brotizolam, Butabarbital, Butalbital, Butobarbitone, Camazepam, Chlordiazepoxide, Cinolazepam, Clobazam, Clonazepam, Clorazepate, Clotiazepam, Cloxazolam, Cyclobarbital, Demethyldiazepam, Diazepam, Doxefazepam, Drug overdose, Estazolam, Ethyl loflazepate, Etizolam, Etomidate, Fentanyl, Flurazepam, Fluridrazepam, Fospropofol, General anaesthesia, Halazepam, Haloxazolam, Hexobarbital, Ketazolam, Loprazolam, Lorazepam, Lormetazepam, Medazepam, Mephobarbital, Methohexital, Mexazolam, Midazolam, Nitrazepam, Oxazepam, Oxazolam, Pentobarbital, Pethidine, Phenobarbital, Pinazepam, Prazepam, Primidone, Promethazine, Propofol, Quazepam, Remifentanil, Secobarbital, Sufentanil, Tapentadol, Temazepam, Tetrazepam, Thiamylal, Thiopentone, Tofisopam, Triazolam, Oxygen
Pulmonary Chronic bronchitis, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Emphysema, Foreign body in respiratory tract, Hyaline membrane disease, Obesity hypoventilation syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea, Pickwickian syndrome, Pneumothorax, Pulmonary hypoplasia, Respiratory depression, Respiratory distress syndrome, Severe asthma, Shallow Breathing , Snoring, Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome, Tracheal stenosis, Aspiration, Severe pneumonia
Rheum / Immune / Allergy Myasthenia gravis, Polymyositis, Guillain-Barre syndrome
Trauma Flail chest, Cervical spine injury, Pneumothorax, Head injury
Miscellaneous Asphyxiation, Reduced level of consciousness, Congenital failure of autonomic control, Shallow Breathing

References

  1. Epstein SK, Singh N (2001). "Respiratory acidosis". Respir Care. 46 (4): 366–83. PMID 11262556.
  2. Fanfulla F, Cascone L, Taurino AE (2004). "Sleep disordered breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Minerva Med. 95 (4): 307–21. PMID 15334044.
  3. Checkoway H, Dement JM, Fowler DP, Harris RL, Lamm SH, Smith TJ (1987). "Industrial hygiene involvement in occupational epidemiology". Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 48 (6): 515–23. doi:10.1080/15298668791385147. PMID 3303884.
  4. Bruno CM, Valenti M (2012). "Acid-base disorders in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pathophysiological review". J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 2012: 915150. doi:10.1155/2012/915150. PMC 3303884. PMID 22500110.
  5. Brown LK (2010). "Hypoventilation syndromes". Clin. Chest Med. 31 (2): 249–70. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2010.03.002. PMID 20488285.
  6. Berger KI, Goldring RM, Rapoport DM (2009). "Obesity hypoventilation syndrome". Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 30 (3): 253–61. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1222439. PMID 19452386.
  7. Chebbo A, Tfaili A, Jones SF (2011). "Hypoventilation syndromes". Med. Clin. North Am. 95 (6): 1189–202. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2011.09.002. PMID 22032434.

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