Renal glucose reabsorption

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Overview

Renal glucose reabsorption is the part of renal physiology that deals with the retrieval of filtered glucose, preventing it from disappearing from the body through the urine.

If glucose is not reabsorbed by the kidney, it appears in the urine, in a condition known as glucosuria. This is associated with diabetes mellitus.[1].

Overview table

Characteristics of Glucose reabsorption
Characteristic proximal tubule loop of Henle Distal convoluted tubule Collecting duct system
S1 S2 S3
reabsorption (%) 98[2] Beyond the proximal tubule: 2%[2]
reabsorption (mmoles/day)
Concentration
apical transport proteins
basolateral transport proteins
Other reabsorption features

References

  1. Sect. 7, Ch. 6: Characteristics of Proximal Glucose Reabsorption
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Walter F., PhD. Boron. Medical Physiology: A Cellular And Molecular Approaoch. Elsevier/Saunders. ISBN 1-4160-2328-3.  Page 793

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