Raynaud's phenomenon history and symptoms

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Raynaud's phenomenon Microchapters

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Overview

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Raynaud's phenomenon from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

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Editors-In-Chief: Asghar Fakhri, M.D., Duane S. Pinto, M.D. and C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D.

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Overview

History

A careful history will often reveal whether the condition is primary or secondary. Once this has been established, investigations are largely to identify or exclude possible secondary causes.

Common Symptoms

The condition causes painful, pale, cold extremities. This is often distressing, impinges on quality of life, and is potentially dangerous

Unilateral Raynaud's, or that which is present only in the hands or feet, is almost certainly secondary, as primary Raynaud's is a systemic condition. However, a patient's feet may be affected without his realizing it.

In pregnancy, this sign normally disappears due to increased surface blood flow.

Less Common Symptoms

References



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