Proteinase 3

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
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Proteinase 3 also known as PRTN3 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRTN3 gene.[1]

Function

PRTN3 is a serine protease enzyme expressed mainly in neutrophil granulocytes. Its exact role in the function of the neutrophil is unknown, but, in human neutrophils, proteinase 3 contributes to the proteolytic generation of antimicrobial peptides. It is also the target of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) of the c-ANCA (cytoplasmic subtype) class, a type of antibody frequently found in the disease granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as "Wegener's granulomatosis").[2]

References

  1. Campanelli D, Melchior M, Fu Y, Nakata M, Shuman H, Nathan C, Gabay JE (December 1990). "Cloning of cDNA for proteinase 3: a serine protease, antibiotic, and autoantigen from human neutrophils". J. Exp. Med. 172 (6): 1709–15. doi:10.1084/jem.172.6.1709. PMC 2188764. PMID 2258701.
  2. van der Geld YM, Limburg PC, Kallenberg CG (February 2001). "Proteinase 3, Wegener's autoantigen: from gene to antigen". J. Leukoc. Biol. 69 (2): 177–90. PMID 11272267.

Further reading

External links


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