|Artery: Pontine arteries|
|Diagram of the arterial circulation at the base of the brain. (Pontine labeled at center left.)|
|Gray's||subject #148 580|
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Branches of basilar artery - The basilar artery extends from the lower to the upper border of the pons. It lies in the median groove under the cover of arachnoid membrane.It divides into following branches on either side- Pontine artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) Superior Cerebellar artery (SCA) Posterior cerebral artery Internal auditory artery
Perforators - The small branches of the basilar artery are also known as perforators and this peroforating arteries can be classified into three subgroups : (i) rostral (mesencephalic perforating arteries, distal to the SCA); (ii) middle (pontine perforating arteries, between the SCA and AICA); (iii) caudal (proximal to the AICA).
There are between two and five rostral BA perforators, which have an average diameter of 250 μm; the caudal perforators vary in diameter from 80 to 600 μm. The midbasilar artery gives rise to between five and nine perforators with a diameter ranging from 210 to 940 μm, which originate directly from the BA or from a common trunk linked to the superolateral or inferolateral pontine artery. The middle basilar perforator includes the pontomedullary artery, the long pontine artery/circumferential artery, and the anterolateral vessels.
The knowledge of this perforators is important to define the type of aneurysm according to the location of the perforating parent artery.
Cost Effectiveness of Pontine arteries
| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Pontine arteries | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Pontine arteries at Clinical Trials.gov • Trial results on Pontine arteries • Clinical Trials on Pontine arteries at Google
| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Pontine arteries | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Pontine arteries • NICE Guidance on Pontine arteries • NHS PRODIGY Guidance • FDA on Pontine arteries • CDC on Pontine arteries
| group7 = Textbook Information on Pontine arteries | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Pontine arteries
| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Pontine arteries | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of Pontine arteries • AND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with Pontine arteries • AND (side effects)}} Side effects of Pontine arteries • AND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to Pontine arteries • AND (overdose)}} Overdose information on Pontine arteries • AND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on Pontine arteries • AND (pregnancy)}} Pontine arteries in pregnancy • AND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Pontine arteries •
| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Pontine arteries | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of Pontine arteries • AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of Pontine arteries • AND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Pontine arteries
| group11 = Commentary on Pontine arteries | list11 = Blogs on Pontine arteries
| group12 = Patient Resources on Pontine arteries | list12 = Patient resources on Pontine arteries • Discussion groups on Pontine arteries • Patient Handouts on Pontine arteries • Directions to Hospitals Treating Pontine arteries • Risk calculators and risk factors for Pontine arteries
| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Pontine arteries | list13 = Symptoms of Pontine arteries • Causes & Risk Factors for Pontine arteries • Diagnostic studies for Pontine arteries • Treatment of Pontine arteries
| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Pontine arteries | list14 = CME Programs on Pontine arteries
| group17 = Informatics Resources on Pontine arteries | list17 = List of terms related to Pontine arteries