- 2-phospho-D-glycerate phosphoenolpyruvate + H2O
This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (phosphoenolpyruvate-forming). Other names in common use include enolase, 2-phosphoglycerate dehydratase, 14-3-2-protein, nervous-system specific enolase, phosphoenolpyruvate hydratase, 2-phosphoglycerate dehydratase, 2-phosphoglyceric dehydratase, 2-phosphoglycerate enolase, gamma-enolase, and 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase. This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. At least one compound, Phosphonoacetohydroxamate is known to inhibit this enzyme. The human gene that makes this enzyme is ENO2.
As of late 2007, 27 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1E9I, 1EBG, 1EBH, 1ELS, 1IYX, 1L8P, 1NEL, 1OEP, 1ONE, 1P43, 1P48, 1PDY, 1PDZ, 1TE6, 1W6T, 2AKM, 2AKZ, 2AL1, 2AL2, 2FYM, 2ONE, 2PA6, 3ENL, 4ENL, 5ENL, 6ENL, and 7ENL.
- IUBMB entry for 22.214.171.124
- BRENDA references for 126.96.36.199 (Recommended.)
- PubMed references for 188.8.131.52
- PubMed Central references for 184.108.40.206
- Google Scholar references for 220.127.116.11
- HOLT A, WOLD F (1961). "The isolation and characterization of rabbit muscle enolase". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 3227&ndash, 31. PMID 13908561.
- Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrback, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 2nd ed., vol. 5, Academic Press, New York, 1961, p. 471-494.
- WESTHEAD EW, MCLAIN G (1964). "A PURIFICATION OF BREWERS' AND BAKERS' YEAST ENOLASE YIELDING A SINGLE ACTIVE COMPONENT". J. Biol. Chem. 239: 2464&ndash, 8. PMID 14235523.
- The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 9014-08-8.