Phorate

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Phorate
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Names
IUPAC name
O,O-Diethyl S-[(ethylsulfanyl)methyl] phosphorodithioate
Other names
Thimet
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
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Properties
C7H17O2PS3
Molar mass 260.36 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Phorate is an organophosphate used as an insecticide and acaricide. At normal conditions, it is a pale yellow mobile liquid poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. It is relatively stable and hydrolyses only at very acidic or basic conditions. It is very toxic both for target organisms and for mammalians including human. It inhibits acetylcholinesterase and pseudocholinesterase.[1]

Phorate is most commonly applied in granular form. It is non-biocumulative and has no residual action. But some metabolites may persist in soil. It also damages some seeds.[1]

Phorate is absorbed readily through all ways. Its toxicity is high. Oral LD50 to rats is 1.1 – 3.2 mg/kg, to mice 3.5 – 6.5 mg/kg (technical phorate). Similar values has been found out to birds.[1]

References

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cs:Forát de:Phorat fa:فورات nl:Foraat



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