Parosmia

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Articles on Parosmia in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

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Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Parosmia

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Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Parosmia

NICE Guidance on Parosmia

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CDC on Parosmia

Books

Books on Parosmia

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Commentary

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Definitions

Definitions of Parosmia

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Risk calculators and risk factors for Parosmia

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Symptoms of Parosmia

Causes & Risk Factors for Parosmia

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International

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Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Parosmia

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.

Overview

Parosmia a subjective perception of odors that are non-existent.

Causes[1] [2]

Life Threatening Causes

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical/Poisoning Ammonia, Cadmium dust, Chromate, Formaldehyde, Hydrogen sulfide, Methacrylate vapors, Nickel dust, Organic solvent exposure, Solvents, Sulfuric acid
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Paget's disease
Drug Side Effect Ace inhibitors, Antithyroid drugs, Benzene, Beta blockers, Dihydropyridine, Flurbiprofen
Ear Nose Throat Cleft palate, Nasal polyps, Nasal tumour, Olfactory meningioma, Paget's disease , Septal deformity, Sjögren's syndrome
Endocrine Antithyroid drugs, Kallmann syndrome, Pellagra, Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic Charge syndrome, Kallmann syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, Sclerosteosis
Hematologic Aneurysm , Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, Diabetes mellitus, Pernicious anemia
Iatrogenic Hemodialysis
Infectious Disease Herpes virus infection, Hiv infection, Influenza, Viral infection, Viral rhinitis
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic Alzheimer disease, Aneurysm , Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, Aura of an epileptic seizure, Cortical lesions, Down's syndrome, Empyema of nasal sinuses, Esthesioneuroblastomas, Hallucination, Huntington's chorea, Intracranial space-occupying lesion, Olfactory neuroblastoma, Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis, Parkinson's disease, Pick's disease , Pseudotumor cerebri, Refsum disease, Rud syndrome, Schizophrenia, Shy-drager syndrome, Tabes dorsalis, Temporal lobectomy, Western equine encephalitis
Nutritional/Metabolic Diabetes mellitus, Malnutrition, Refsum disease, Vitamin deficiency, Zinc deficiency
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Esthesioneuroblastomas, Nasal polyps, Nasal tumour, Olfactory meningioma, Olfactory neuroblastoma, Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis, Pseudotumor cerebri
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric Hallucination, Korsakoff's psychosis
Pulmonary Empyema of nasal sinuses
Renal/Electrolyte Hemodialysis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Allergic rhinitis, Atrophic rhinitis, Chronic rhinitis, Viral rhinitis
Sexual Herpes virus infection, Hiv infection
Trauma Head trauma, Septal deformity
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Idiopathic

Causes in Alphabetical Order

References

  1. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016
  2. Kahan, Scott, Smith, Ellen G. In A Page: Signs and Symptoms. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2004:68 ISBN 140510368X

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