PTPN4

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
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View/Edit Human

Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PTPN4 gene.[1][2]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This protein contains a C-terminal PTP domain and an N-terminal domain homologous to the band 4.1 superfamily of cytoskeletal-associated proteins. This PTP has been shown to interact with glutamate receptor delta 2 and epsilon subunits, and is thought to play a role in signalling downstream of the glutamate receptors through tyrosine dephosphorylation.[2]

Interactions

PTPN4 has been shown to interact with GRID2.[3]

References

  1. Gu MX, York JD, Warshawsky I, Majerus PW (August 1991). "Identification, cloning, and expression of a cytosolic megakaryocyte protein-tyrosine-phosphatase with sequence homology to cytoskeletal protein 4.1". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 88 (13): 5867–71. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.13.5867. PMC 51979. PMID 1648233.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: PTPN4 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 4 (megakaryocyte)".
  3. Hironaka K, Umemori H, Tezuka T, Mishina M, Yamamoto T (May 2000). "The protein-tyrosine phosphatase PTPMEG interacts with glutamate receptor delta 2 and epsilon subunits". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (21): 16167–73. doi:10.1074/jbc.M909302199. PMID 10748123.

Further reading



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