PTPN21

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
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RefSeq (protein)

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Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 21 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PTPN21 gene.[1][2]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains an N-terminal domain, similar to cytoskeletal- associated proteins including band 4.1, ezrin, merlin, and radixin. This PTP was shown to specially interact with BMX/ETK, a member of Tec tyrosine kinase family characterized by a multimodular structures including PH, SH3, and SH2 domains. The interaction of this PTP with BMX kinase was found to increase the activation of STAT3, but not STAT2 kinase. Studies of the similar gene in mice suggested the possible roles of this PTP in liver regeneration and spermatogenesis.[2]

Interactions

PTPN21 has been shown to interact with BMX[3] and KIF1C.[4]

References

  1. Møller NP, Møller KB, Lammers R, Kharitonenkov A, Sures I, Ullrich A (Sep 1994). "Src kinase associates with a member of a distinct subfamily of protein-tyrosine phosphatases containing an ezrin-like domain". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 91 (16): 7477–81. doi:10.1073/pnas.91.16.7477. PMC 44424. PMID 7519780.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: PTPN21 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 21".
  3. Jui HY, Tseng RJ, Wen X, Fang HI, Huang LM, Chen KY, Kung HJ, Ann DK, Shih HM (Dec 2000). "Protein-tyrosine phosphatase D1, a potential regulator and effector for Tec family kinases". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (52): 41124–32. doi:10.1074/jbc.M007772200. PMID 11013262.
  4. Dorner C, Ciossek T, Müller S, Møller PH, Ullrich A, Lammers R (Aug 1998). "Characterization of KIF1C, a new kinesin-like protein involved in vesicle transport from the Golgi apparatus to the endoplasmic reticulum". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (32): 20267–75. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.32.20267. PMID 9685376.

Further reading



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