PTP4A2

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Protein tyrosine phosphatase type IVA 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PTP4A2 gene.[1][2][3]

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a small class of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are cell signaling molecules that play regulatory roles in a variety of cellular processes. PTPs in this class contain a protein tyrosine phosphatase catalytic domain and a characteristic C-terminal prenylation motif. This PTP has been shown to primarily associate with plasmic and endosomal membrane through its C-terminal prenylation. This PTP was found to interact with the beta-subunit of Rab geranylgeranyltransferase II (beta GGT II), and thus may function as a regulator of GGT II activity. Overexpression of this gene in mammalian cells conferred a transformed phenotype, which suggested its role in tumorigenesis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode two distinct isoforms have been described.[3]

References

  1. Zhao Z, Lee CC, Monckton DG, Yazdani A, Coolbaugh MI, Li X, Bailey J, Shen Y, Caskey CT (Sep 1996). "Characterization and genomic mapping of genes and pseudogenes of a new human protein tyrosine phosphatase". Genomics. 35 (1): 172–81. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0336. PMID 8661118.
  2. Zeng Q, Hong W, Tan YH (Apr 1998). "Mouse PRL-2 and PRL-3, two potentially prenylated protein tyrosine phosphatases homologous to PRL-1". Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 244 (2): 421–7. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.8291. PMID 9514946.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: PTP4A2 protein tyrosine phosphatase type IVA, member 2".

Further reading




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