POM121

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
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Nuclear envelope pore membrane protein POM 121 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the POM121 gene.[1][2][3] Alternatively spliced variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described but the full-length nature of only one has been determined.[4]

Function

The nuclear envelope creates distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments in eukaryotic cells. It consists of two concentric membranes perforated by nuclear pores, large protein complexes that form aqueous channels to regulate the flow of macromolecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. These complexes are composed of at least 100 different polypeptide subunits, many of which belong to the nucleoporin family. This gene encodes a member of the FG-repeat-containing nucleoporins. The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane protein that localizes to the central spoke ring complex and participates in anchoring the nuclear pore complex to the nuclear envelope.[4]

Antibodies against this protein can be used to identify the nuclear envelope in immunofluorescence experiments.[5]

References

  1. Hallberg E, Wozniak RW, Blobel G (Aug 1993). "An integral membrane protein of the pore membrane domain of the nuclear envelope contains a nucleoporin-like region". J Cell Biol. 122 (3): 513–21. doi:10.1083/jcb.122.3.513. PMC 2119659. PMID 8335683.
  2. Ishikawa K, Nagase T, Suyama M, Miyajima N, Tanaka A, Kotani H, Nomura N, Ohara O (Dec 1998). "Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. X. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which can code for large proteins in vitro". DNA Res. 5 (3): 169–76. doi:10.1093/dnares/5.3.169. PMID 9734811.
  3. Funakoshi T, Maeshima K, Yahata K, Sugano S, Imamoto F, Imamoto N (Oct 2007). "Two distinct human POM121 genes: requirement for the formation of nuclear pore complexes". FEBS Lett. 581 (25): 4910–6. doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2007.09.021. PMID 17900573.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Entrez Gene: POM121 POM121 membrane glycoprotein (homo sapiens)".
  5. Kihlmark M, Imreh G, Hallberg E (October 2001). "Sequential degradation of proteins from the nuclear envelope during apoptosis". J. Cell Sci. 114 (Pt 20): 3643–53. PMID 11707516.

Further reading



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