Nasal Congestion overview

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Nasal Congestion Microchapters

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Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Nasal Congestion from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

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CT

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

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Overview

Nasal congestion is the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels. It is also known as nasal blockage, nasal obstruction, blocked nose, runny nose, and stuffy nose.

Pathophysiology

Many people think that a nose gets congested (stuffy) from too much thick mucus. However, in most cases, the nose becomes congested when the tissues lining it become swollen. The swelling is due to inflamed blood vessels.

Diagnosis

X ray

X-rays of the sinuses and chest x-ray

CT

CT scan of sinuses are required in some patients to make the diagnosis.

References




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