Mycobacterium brumae

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Mycobacterium brumae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. brumae
Binomial name
Mycobacterium brumae
Luquin et al. 1993, ATCC 51384

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Mycobacterium brumae is a rapidly growing environmental mycobacterial species identified in 1993. Aside from one 2004 report of a catheter related bloodstream infection no other infections by this organism have been reported. It was first isolated from water, soil and one human sputum sample in Spain.


Description

Microscopy

  • Gram-positive, nonmotile, mostly strongly acid-fast rods, 2.0-2.5µm long and 0.3 to 0.5µm wide.

Colony characteristics

  • Flat, rough, and undulated yellow, nonphotochromogenic colonies

Physiology

  • Rapid growth occurs within 5 days at 25°C, 30°C and 37°C, but not at 45°C on Löwenstein-Jensen medium and Middlebrook 7H10 agar.
  • Production of thermostable catalase.
  • Positive for β-glucosidase, nitrate reductase, penicillinase, trehalase, urease and iron uptake.
  • Tween 80 hydrolysis after 10 days.
  • No accumulation of niacin, no degradation of salicylate to catechol.
  • No growth on MacConkey agar without crystal violet.

Pathogenesis

  • In 2004 a patient with breast cancer was reported to have a catheter related bloodstream infection.

Type Strain

  • First isolated from water, soil and human sputum samples in Barcelona, Spain.
  • Strain CR-270 = ATCC 51384 = CCUG 37586 = CIP 103465 = DSM 44177 = JCM 12273.

References

  • Luquin (M.), 1993. Mycobacterium brumae sp. nov., a rapidly growing, nonphotochromogenic mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 405-413.
  • Lee, S.A, 2004. Catheter-related bloodstream infection caused by Mycobacterium brumae. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Nov;42(11):5429-31.


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| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Mycobacterium brumae | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Mycobacterium brumaeNICE Guidance on Mycobacterium brumaeNHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on Mycobacterium brumaeCDC on Mycobacterium brumae


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| group10 = Newstories on Mycobacterium brumae | list10 = Mycobacterium brumae in the newsBe alerted to news on Mycobacterium brumaeNews trends on Mycobacterium brumae


| group11 = Commentary on Mycobacterium brumae | list11 = Blogs on Mycobacterium brumae

| group12 = Patient Resources on Mycobacterium brumae | list12 = Patient resources on Mycobacterium brumaeDiscussion groups on Mycobacterium brumaePatient Handouts on Mycobacterium brumaeDirections to Hospitals Treating Mycobacterium brumaeRisk calculators and risk factors for Mycobacterium brumae


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Mycobacterium brumae | list13 = Symptoms of Mycobacterium brumaeCauses & Risk Factors for Mycobacterium brumaeDiagnostic studies for Mycobacterium brumaeTreatment of Mycobacterium brumae

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Mycobacterium brumae | list14 = CME Programs on Mycobacterium brumae

| group15 = International Resources on Mycobacterium brumae | list15 = Mycobacterium brumae en EspanolMycobacterium brumae en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Mycobacterium brumae | list16 = Mycobacterium brumae in the MarketplacePatents on Mycobacterium brumae

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Mycobacterium brumae | list17 = List of terms related to Mycobacterium brumae


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