Mumps history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Nate Michalak, B.A.


The most common symptoms of mumps are a prodrome with low grade fever, myalgia, anorexia, malaise, and headache, followed by painful, bilateral parotitis. Less common symptoms include orchitis in post-pubertal males, oophoritis or mastitis in post-pubertal females, encephalitis, and transient sensorineural hearing loss. Approximately 15-20% of patients may be asymptomatic.


Common Symptoms

  • Parotitis in 90% of patients
  • Bilateral inflammation in approximately 75% of patients
  • Earache aggravated by jaw movement

Less Common Symptoms


  1. Mumps. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (May 29, 2015). Accessed March 09, 2016.
  2. Galazka AM, Robertson SE, Kraigher A (1999). "Mumps and mumps vaccine: a global review". Bull World Health Organ. 77 (1): 3–14. PMC 2557572. PMID 10063655.
  3. Gupta, R. K (2005). "Mumps and the UK epidemic 2005". BMJ. 330 (7500): 1132–1135. doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.1132. ISSN 0959-8138.
  4. Ehrengut W, Schwartau M (1977). "Mumps orchitis and testicular tumours". Br Med J. 2 (6080): 191. PMC 1631032. PMID 871846.
  5. Johnstone JA, Ross CA, Dunn M (1972). "Meningitis and encephalitis associated with mumps infection. A 10-year survey". Arch Dis Child. 47 (254): 647–51. PMC 1648314. PMID 5046780.
  6. Hashimoto H, Fujioka M, Kinumaki H, Kinki Ambulatory Pediatrics Study Group (2009). "An office-based prospective study of deafness in mumps". Pediatr Infect Dis J. 28 (3): 173–5. doi:10.1097/INF.0b013e31818a8ca8. PMID 19209100.