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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Nate Michalak, B.A.


Mumps may have first been described by Hippocrates as a disease causing parotitis and orchitis in the 5th century. Prior to the vaccination program, which started in the United States in 1967, approximately 186,000 cases occurred each year. Implementation of the vaccination program resulted in an approximate 99% decrease in incidence rates. Outbreaks in 2006 and 2009 in the United States resulted in 6,584 and over 3,000 affected people, respectively.

Historical Perspective

  • Mumps was first been described by Hippocrates as a disease causing parotitis and orchitis in the 5th century.[1]
  • Johnson and Goodpasture first identified the etiologic agent, paramyxovirus, in 1930.[2]
  • Vaccination for mumps in the United States began in 1967.
  • Prior to the vaccination program, approximately 186,000 cases were reported each year.
  • Since the start of the program, there has been an approximate 99% decrease in incidence rates.
  • In 2006, an outbreak occurred affecting 6,584 people in the United States, predominately on college campuses.
  • In 2009, another outbreak occurred in the Northeast of the United States among religious communities, affecting over 3,000 people.[3]


  1. Atkinson, William (May 2012). Mumps Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (12 ed.). Public Health Foundation. pp. Chapter 14. ISBN 9780983263135.
  2. Rubin S, Eckhaus M, Rennick LJ, Bamford CG, Duprex WP (2015). "Molecular biology, pathogenesis and pathology of mumps virus". J Pathol. 235 (2): 242–52. doi:10.1002/path.4445. PMC 4268314. PMID 25229387.
  3. Mumps. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (May 29, 2015). Accessed March 07, 2016.