Mumps (patient information)
Mumps On the Web
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What are the symptoms of Mumps?
- Common symptoms include:
- Other symptoms of this disease that can occur in males:
What causes Mumps?
- The mumps are caused by a virus. The virus is spread from person-to-person by respiratory droplets (for example, when you sneeze) or by direct contact with items that have been contaminated with infected saliva.
- Mumps most commonly occurs in children ages 2 - 12 who have not been vaccinated against the disease. However, the infection can occur at any age.
- The time between being exposed to the virus and getting sick (incubation period) is usually 12 - 24 days.
- Mumps may also infect the:
Who is at highest risk?
When to seek urgent medical care?
- Call your health care provider if you or your child has mumps and:
- Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if convulsions occur.
- A physical examination confirms the presence of the swollen glands.
- No testing is usually required.
Diseases with similar symptoms
- There is no specific treatment for mumps.
- You can also relieve symptoms with:
- Extra fluids
- Soft foods
- Warm salt water gargles
Where to find medical care for Mumps?
What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
Inflammation of testis can occur. Rarely, it may lead to infertility.
Prevention of Mumps
MMR immunization (vaccine) protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. It should be given to children 12 - 15 months old. The vaccine is given again between ages 4 - 6, or between ages 11 - 12, if it wasn't given before. Recent outbreaks of the mumps have reinforced the importance of having all children vaccinated.