Minimally invasive procedure

(Redirected from Minimally invasive)
Jump to: navigation, search

WikiDoc Resources for Minimally invasive procedure

Articles

Most recent articles on Minimally invasive procedure

Most cited articles on Minimally invasive procedure

Review articles on Minimally invasive procedure

Articles on Minimally invasive procedure in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

Powerpoint slides on Minimally invasive procedure

Images of Minimally invasive procedure

Photos of Minimally invasive procedure

Podcasts & MP3s on Minimally invasive procedure

Videos on Minimally invasive procedure

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Minimally invasive procedure

Bandolier on Minimally invasive procedure

TRIP on Minimally invasive procedure

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Minimally invasive procedure at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Minimally invasive procedure

Clinical Trials on Minimally invasive procedure at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Minimally invasive procedure

NICE Guidance on Minimally invasive procedure

NHS PRODIGY Guidance

FDA on Minimally invasive procedure

CDC on Minimally invasive procedure

Books

Books on Minimally invasive procedure

News

Minimally invasive procedure in the news

Be alerted to news on Minimally invasive procedure

News trends on Minimally invasive procedure

Commentary

Blogs on Minimally invasive procedure

Definitions

Definitions of Minimally invasive procedure

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Minimally invasive procedure

Discussion groups on Minimally invasive procedure

Patient Handouts on Minimally invasive procedure

Directions to Hospitals Treating Minimally invasive procedure

Risk calculators and risk factors for Minimally invasive procedure

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Minimally invasive procedure

Causes & Risk Factors for Minimally invasive procedure

Diagnostic studies for Minimally invasive procedure

Treatment of Minimally invasive procedure

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Minimally invasive procedure

International

Minimally invasive procedure en Espanol

Minimally invasive procedure en Francais

Business

Minimally invasive procedure in the Marketplace

Patents on Minimally invasive procedure

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Minimally invasive procedure

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Minimally invasive surgical procedures avoid open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery with less trauma. These procedures involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device, and are carried out through the skin or through a body cavity or anatomical opening. This may result in shorter hospital stays, or allow outpatient treatment.[1] However, the safety and effectiveness of each procedure must be demonstrated with randomized controlled trials. The term was coined by John EA Wickham in 1984, who wrote of it in British Medical Journal in 1987.

Specific procedures

Many medical procedures are called minimally invasive, such as hypodermic injection, air-pressure injection, subdermal implants, endoscopy, percutaneous surgery, laparoscopic surgery, arthroscopic surgery, cryosurgery, microsurgery, keyhole surgery, endovascular surgery (such as angioplasty), coronary catheterization, permanent spinal and brain electrodes, stereotactic surgery, The Nuss Procedure, radioactivity-based medical imaging methods, such as gamma camera, Positron emission tomography and SPECT (single photon emission tomography). Related procedures are image-guided surgery, robotic surgery and interventional radiology.

Benefits

Minimally invasive surgery should have less operative trauma for the patient than an equivalent invasive procedure. It may be more or less expensive. Operative time is longer, but hospitalization time is shorter. It causes less pain and scarring, speeds recovery, and reduces the incidence of post-surgical complications, such as adhesions. Some studies have compared heart surgery.[2] However, minimally invasive surgery is not necessarily minor surgery that only regional anesthesia is required. In fact, most of these procedures still requires general anesthesia to be administered beforehand.

Risks

Minimally invasive procedures are not completely safe, and some have complications ranging from infection to death. Risks and complications include the following:

  • Anesthesia or medication reactions
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Internal organ injury
  • Blood vessel injury
  • Vein or lung blood clotting
  • Breathing problems
  • Death (rare)[3]

Prevalence

Due to these advantages, surgeons are attempting to perform more procedures as minimally invasive procedures. Some procedures, such as gall bladder removal, can be done very effectively as minimally invasive surgery. Other procedures, such as endarterectomy, have a higher incidence of strokes in some studies.

Equipment

Special medical equipment may be used, such as fiber optic cables, miniature video cameras and special surgical instruments handled via tubes inserted into the body through small openings in its surface. The images of the interior of the body are transmitted to an external video monitor and the surgeon has the possibility of making a diagnosis, visually identifying internal features and acting surgically on them.

See also

References

Notes

External links


de:Minimal-invasive Chirurgie nn:Intervensjon



Linked-in.jpg