Mevalonate kinase

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Mevalonate Kinase
File:MevalonateKinase.png
Identifiers
EC number2.7.1.36
CAS number9026-52-2
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

n/a

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

n/a

n/a

Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

Mevalonate kinase is an enzyme (specifically a kinase) that in humans is encoded by the MVK gene.[2][3] Mevalonate kinases are found in a wide variety of organisms from bacteria to mammals. This enzyme catalyzes the following reaction:

File:Mevalonate kinase reaction.svg
ATP + (R)-mevalonate ADP + (R)-5-phosphomevalonate

.

Function

Mevalonate is a key intermediate, and mevalonate kinase a key early enzyme, in isoprenoid and sterol synthesis.[2]

Clinical significance

Defects can be associated with hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with recurrent fever.[4]

Mevalonate kinase deficiency caused by mutation of this gene results in mevalonic aciduria, a disease characterized psychomotor retardation, failure to thrive, hepatosplenomegaly, anemia and recurrent febrile crises. Defects in this gene also cause hyperimmunoglobulinaemia D and periodic fever syndrome, a disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of fever associated with lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, gastrointestinal dismay and skin rash.[2]

See also

References

  1. PDB: 2X7I​; Oke M, Carter LG, Johnson KA, Liu H, McMahon SA, Yan X, Kerou M, Weikart ND, Kadi N, Sheikh MA, Schmelz S, Dorward M, Zawadzki M, Cozens C, Falconer H, Powers H, Overton IM, van Niekerk CA, Peng X, Patel P, Garrett RA, Prangishvili D, Botting CH, Coote PJ, Dryden DT, Barton GJ, Schwarz-Linek U, Challis GL, Taylor GL, White MF, Naismith JH (June 2010). "The Scottish Structural Proteomics Facility: targets, methods and outputs". J. Struct. Funct. Genomics. 11 (2): 167–80. doi:10.1007/s10969-010-9090-y. PMC 2883930. PMID 20419351.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Entrez Gene: mevalonate kinase".
  3. Schafer BL, Bishop RW, Kratunis VJ, Kalinowski SS, Mosley ST, Gibson KM, Tanaka RD (July 1992). "Molecular cloning of human mevalonate kinase and identification of a missense mutation in the genetic disease mevalonic aciduria". J. Biol. Chem. 267 (19): 13229–38. PMID 1377680.
  4. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) 260920

Further reading

External links



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